The Effect of $\beta$-Tricalcium Phosphate and Deproteinized Bovine Bone on Bone Formation in the Defects of Rat Calvaria

흰쥐 두개골 결손부에서 베타-트리칼슘 인산염과 탈단백우골의 골형성 효과

  • Jung, Seung-Gon (Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Park, Hong-Ju (Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Ryu, Sun-Youl (Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University)
  • 정승곤 (전남대학교 치의학전문대학원 구강악안면외과학교실, 치의학연구소) ;
  • 박홍주 (전남대학교 치의학전문대학원 구강악안면외과학교실, 치의학연구소) ;
  • 유선열 (전남대학교 치의학전문대학원 구강악안면외과학교실, 치의학연구소)
  • Received : 2010.05.31
  • Accepted : 2010.06.30
  • Published : 2010.07.30

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of beta-tricalcium phosphate (Cerasorb$^{(R)}$, Germany) and deproteinized bovine bone (Bio-Oss$^{(R)}$, Switzerland) grafted to the defect of rat calvaria artificially created and the effect of use of absorbable membrane (BioMesh$^{(R)}$, Korea) on new bone formation. Materials and Methods: Transosseous circular calvarial defects with diameters of 5 mm were prepared in the both parietal bone of 30 rats. In the control group I, no specific treatment was done on the defects. In the control group II, the defects were covered with absorbable membrane. In the experimental group I, deproteinized bovine bone was grafted without absorbable membrane; in the experimental group II, deproteinized bovine bone was grafted with absorbable membrane; in the experimental group III, beta-tricalcium phosphate was grafted without absorbable membrane; in the experimental group IV, beta-tricalcium phosphate was grafted with absorbable membrane. The animals were sacrificed after 3 weeks and 6 weeks respectively, and histologic and histomorphometric evaluations were performed. Results: Compare to the control groups, the experimental groups showed more newly formed bone. Between the experimental groups, beta-tricalcium phosphate showed more resorption than deproteinized bovine bone. Stabilization of grafted material and interception of the soft tissue invasion was observed in the specimen treated with membrane. There was no statistical difference between the experimental group I, III and experimental group II, IV classified by graft material, but statistically significant increase in the amount of newly formed bone was observed in the experimental group I, II and II, IV classified by the use of membrane (P<0.05). Conclusion: Both beta-tricalcium phosphate and deproteinized bovine bone showed similar osteoconductibility, but beta-tricalcium phosphate is thought to be closer to ideal synthetic graft material because it showed higher resorption rate in vivo. Increased new bone formation can be expected in bone graft with use of membrane.

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