- Volume 15 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Microbial Removal Using Layered Double Hydroxides and Iron (Hydr)oxides Immobilized on Granular Media
- Park, Jeong-Ann (Environmental Biocolloid Engineering Laboratory, Department of Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
- Lee, Chang-Gu (Environmental Biocolloid Engineering Laboratory, Department of Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
- Park, Seong-Jik (Environmental Biocolloid Engineering Laboratory, Department of Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
- Kim, Jae-Hyeon (Environmental Biocolloid Engineering Laboratory, Department of Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
- Kim, Song-Bae (Environmental Biocolloid Engineering Laboratory, Department of Rural Systems Engineering, Seoul National University)
- Received : 2010.03.21
- Accepted : 2010.08.12
- Published : 2010.09.30
The objective of this study was to investigate microbial removal using layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and iron (hydr)oxides (IHs) immobilized onto granular media. Column experiments were performed using calcium alginate beads (CA beads), LDHs entrapped in CA beads (LDH beads), quartz sand (QS), iron hydroxide-coated sand (IHCS) and hematite-coated sand (HCS). Microbial breakthrough curves were obtained by monitoring the effluent, with the percentage of microbial removal and collector efficiency then quantified from these curves. The results showed that the LDH beads were ineffective for the removal of the negatively-charged microbes (27.7% at 1 mM solution), even though the positively-charged LDHs were contained on the beads. The above could be related to the immobilization method, where LDH powders were immobilized inside CA beads with nano-sized pores (about 10 nm); therefore, micro-sized microbes (E. coli = 1.21
- Souter PF, Cruickshank GD, Tankerville MZ, et al. Evaluation of a new water treatment for point-of-use household applications to remove microorganisms and arsenic from drinking water. J. Water Health 2003;1:73-84.
- Hornberger GM, Mills AL, Herman JS. Bacterial transport in porous media: Evaluation of a model using laboratory observations. Water Resour. Res. 1992;28:915-923. https://doi.org/10.1029/91WR02980
- Gannon JT, Manilal VB, Alexander M. Relationship between cell surface properties and transport of bacteria through soil. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1991;57:190-193.
- Fontes DE, Mills AL, Hornberger GM, Herman JS. Physical and chemical factors influencing transport of microorganisms through porous media. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 1991;57:2473-2481.
- Lantagne DS, Blount BC, Cardinali F, Quick R. Disinfection by-product formation and mitigation strategies in point-ofuse chlorination of turbid and non-turbid waters in Western Kenya. J. Water Health 2008;6:67-82. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2007.013
- Brownell SA, Chakrabarti AR, Kaser FM, et al. Assessment of a low-cost, point-of-use, ultraviolet water disinfection technology. J. Water Health 2008;6:53-65. https://doi.org/10.2166/wh.2007.015
- Doocy S, Burnham G. Point-of-use water treatment and diarrhoea reduction in the emergency context: An effectiveness trial in Liberia. Trop. Med. Int. Health 2006;11:1542-1552. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2006.01704.x
- Gurian PL, Small MJ. Point-of-use treatment and the revised arsenic MCL. J. Am. Water Works Assoc. 2002;94:101-108.
- Slotnick MJ, Meliker JR, Nriagu JO. Effects of time and pointof-use devices on arsenic levels in Southeastern Michigan drinking water, USA. Sci. Total Environ. 2006;369:42-50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.04.021
- Goh KH, Lim TT, Dong Z. Application of layered double hydroxides for removal of oxyanions: a review. Water Res. 2008;42:1343-1368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.10.043
- Cavani F, Trifiro F, Vaccari A. Hydrotalcite-type anionic clays: Preparation, properties and applications. Catal. Today 1991;11:173-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/0920-5861(91)80068-K
- Vaccari A. Preparation and catalytic properties of cationic and anionic clays. Catal. Today 1998;41:53-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5861(98)00038-8
- Das NN, Konar J, Mohanta MK, Srivastava SC. Adsorption of Cr(VI) and Se(IV) from their aqueous solutions onto Zr4+-substituted ZnAl/MgAl-layered double hydroxides: Effect of Zr4+ substitution in the layer. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 2004;270:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9797(03)00400-4
- Jin S, Fallgren PH, Morris JM, Chen Q. Removal of bacteria and viruses from waters using layered double hydroxide nanocomposites. Sci. Tech. Adv. Mater. 2007;8:67-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stam.2006.09.003
- You Y, Vance GF, Sparks DL, Zhuang J, Jin Y. Sorption of MS2 bacteriophage to layered double hydroxides: effects of reaction time, pH, and competing anions. J. Environ. Qual. 2003;32:2046-2053. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2003.2046
- Foppen JW, Liem Y, Schijven J. Effect of humic acid on the attachment of Escherichia coli in columns of goethite-coated sand. Water Res. 2008;42:211-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.06.064
- Lukasik J, Cheng YF, Lu F, Tamplin M, Farrah SR. Removal of microorganisms from water by columns containing sand coated with ferric and aluminum hydroxides. Water Res. 1999;33:769-777. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(98)00279-6
- Kim SB, Park SJ, Lee CG, Choi NC, Kim DJ. Bacteria transport through goethite-coated sand: Effects of solution pH and coated sand content. Colloids Surf. B. Biointerfaces 2008;63:236-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2007.12.003
- Toride N, Leij FJ, Van Genuchten MT. The CXTFIT code for estimating transport parameters from laboratory or field tracer experiments. Riverside, CA: U.S. Salinity Laboratory. 1995. Research Report No. 137.
- Cail TL, Hochella Jr MF. The effects of solution chemistry on the sticking efficiencies of viable Enterococcus faecalis: An atomic force microscopy and modeling study. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 2005;69:2959-2969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2005.01.017
- Tufenkji N, Elimelech M. Correlation equation for predicting single-collector efficiency in physicochemical filtration in saturated porous media. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2004;38:529-536. https://doi.org/10.1021/es034049r
- Martinez-Salas E, Martin JA, Vicente M. Relationship of Escherichia coli density to growth rate and cell age. J. Bacteriol. 1981;147:97-100.
- Velings NM, Mestdagh MM. Physico-chemical properties of alginate gel beads. Polym. Gels Networks 1995;3:311-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/0966-7822(94)00043-7
- Banerjee A, Nayak D, Lahiri S. A new method of synthesis of iron doped calcium alginate beads and determination of iron content by radiometric method. Biochem. Eng. J. 2007;33:260-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2006.11.005
- Escudero C, Fiol N, Villaescusa I, Bollinger JC. Arsenic removal by a waste metal (hydr)oxide entrapped into calcium alginate beads. J. Hazard. Mater. 2009;164:533-541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.08.042
- Tsuneda S, Aikawa H, Hayashi H, Yuasa A, Hirata A. Extracel lular polymeric substances responsible for bacterial adhesion onto solid surface. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 2003;223:287-292. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1097(03)00399-9
- Hori K, Matsumoto S. Bacterial adhesion: From mechanism to control. Biochem. Eng. J. 2010;48:424-434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2009.11.014
- Klein J, Stock J, Vorlop KD. Pore size and properties of spherical Ca-alginate biocatalysts. Eur. J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 1983;18:86-91. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00500829
- Abu-Lail NI, Camesano TA. Elasticity of pseudomonas putida KT2442 surface polymers probed with single-molecule force microscopy. Langmuir 2002;18:4071-4081. https://doi.org/10.1021/la015695b
- Katowsky M, Sabisch A, Gutberlet T, Bradaczek H. Molecular modelling of bacterial deep rough mutant lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli. Eur. J. Biochem. 1991;197:707-716. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1991.tb15962.x
- Cornell RM, Schwertmann U. The iron oxides: structure, properties, reactions, occurrence, and uses. New York, NY: VCH; 1996.
- Poortinga AT, Bos R, Norde W, Busscher HJ. Electric double layer interactions in bacterial adhesion to surfaces. Surf. Sci. Rep. 2002;47:1-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5729(02)00032-8
- Efficient water disinfection using hybrid polyaniline/graphene/carbon nanotube nanocomposites pp.1479-487X, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2018.1466921