SNR and ADC Changes at Increasing b Values among Patients with Lumbar Vertebral Compression Fracture on 1.5T MR Diffusion Weighted Images

1.5T MR 기기를 이용한 확산강조영상에서 b Value의 증가에 따른 요추압박골절 환자의 신호대 잡음비와 현성 확산 계수의 변화

  • Cho, Jae-Hwan (Department of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University, Bucheon Hospital) ;
  • Park, Cheol-Soo (Department of Diagnostic Radiological Technology, Hanlym College) ;
  • Lee, Sun-Yeob (Department of Diagnostic Radiological Technology, Hanlym College) ;
  • Kim, Bo-Hui (Department of Emergency Center, Gangneung Asan Hospital)
  • 조재환 (순천향대학교 부천병원 영상의학과) ;
  • 박철수 (한림성심대학 방사선과) ;
  • 이선엽 (한림성심대학 방사선과) ;
  • 김보희 (강릉아산병원 응급센터)
  • Received : 2010.01.03
  • Accepted : 2010.01.15
  • Published : 2010.03.31

Abstract

To examine among patients with vertebral compression fracture the extent to which signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values at the lumbar vertebral compression fracture site vary on diffusion-weighted MR images according to varying b values on the 1.5T MR device. Diffusion-weighted MR images of 30 patients with compression fracture due to chronic osteoporosis who underwent vertebral MRI from Jan. 2008 to Nov. 2009 were respectively obtained using a 1.5-T MR scanner with the b values increased from 400, 600, 800, 1,000 to $1,200\;s/mm^2$. For diffusion-weighted MR images with different b values, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was assessed at three sites: the site of compression fracture of the lumbar vertebral body at L1 to L5, and both the upper and lower discs of the said fracture site, while for ADC map images with different b values, the SNR and ADC were respectively assessed at those three sites. As a quantitative analysis, diffusion-weighted MR images and ADC map images with b value of $400\;s/mm^2$ (the base b values) were respectively compared with the corresponding images with each different b value. As far as qualitative analysis is concerned, for both diffusion-weighted MR and ADC map images with b value of $400\;s/mm^2$, the extent to which signal intensity values obtained at the site of compression fracture of the lumbar vertebral body at L1 to L5 vary according to the increasing b values were examined. The quantitative analysis found that for both diffusion-weighted MR and ADC map images, as the b values increased, the SNR were relatively lowered at all the three sites, compared to the base b value. Also, it was found that as the b values increased, ADC valueswere relatively lowered at all the three sites on ADC map images. On the other hand, the qualitative analysis found that as the b values increased to more than $400\;s/mm^2$, the signal intensity gradually decreased at all the sites, while at the levels of more than $1,000\;s/mm^2$, severe image noises appeared at all of the three sites. In addition, higher signal intensity was found at the site of compression fracture of the lumbar vertebral body than at the discs. Findings showed that with the b value being increased, both the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC) values gradually decreased at all the sites of the lumbar vertebral compression fracture and both the upper and lower discs of the fracture site, suggesting that there is a possibility of a wider range of applications to assessment of various vertebral pathologies by utilizing multi b values in the diffusion-weighted MRI examination.

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