DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Unification of Community Policing

지역사회 경찰활동의 통합적 정립

  • 박재풍 (극동대학교 법경찰학부)
  • Received : 2011.10.12
  • Accepted : 2011.10.21
  • Published : 2011.12.28

Abstract

Today's policing is toward to the Community Policing. Despite its widespread popularity, there exists a lack of common understanding among academics and practitioners alike regarding the scope of the community policing philosophy and of its ability to integrate these complementary ideas within it. These are Problem-oriented policing, broken windows, Compstat, third-party policing, and hot spots. We will present a definition of community policing and demonstrate how these other policing approaches can be incorporated into the overarching community policing philosophy. We will also discuss the potential benefits of taking such a unified approach with the hope of encouraging further integration among policing innovations.

Keywords

Police;Community Policing;Problem Oriented Policing;Compstat;Third Party Policing;Window Broken;Hot Spot

References

  1. 박재풍, "Third party policing 도입에 관한 연구", 한국경찰학회보, 제13권, 제2호, pp.133-160, 2011.
  2. W. Spelman and D. K. Brown, Calling the Police: Citizen Reporting of Serious Crime, US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.
  3. G. W. Cordner, "Community policing elements and effects," Police Forum, Vol.5, No.3, pp.1-8, 1995.
  4. W. Skogan, "The promise of community policing," in Weisburd, D. and Braga, A.A. (Eds), Police Innovation: Contrasting Perspectives, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.27-43, 2006.
  5. 이황우, 경찰행정학, 법문사, 서울, 2007.
  6. M. C. Scheider, R. Champman, and A. Schapiro, "Towards the unification of policing innovations under community policing," An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, Vol.32, No.4, pp.694-718.
  7. Scott, M. and Goldstein, H., Shifting and Sharing Responsibility for Public Safety Problems, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, US Department of Justice, Washington, DC, 2005
  8. Schmerler, K., Perkins, M., Phillips, S., Rinehart, T. and Townsend, M., Problem-solving Tips: A Guide to Reducing Crime and Disorder through Problem-solving Partnerships, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, US Department of Justice, Washington, DC, 1998.
  9. Clarke, R.V. and Eck, J.E., Crime Analysis for Problem Solvers: 60 Small Steps, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, US Department of Justice, Washington, DC, 2005.
  10. H. Goldstein, Problem Oriented Policing, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1990.
  11. G. L. Kelling and J. Q. Wilson, "roken windows: the police and neighborhood safety," Atlantic Monthly, Vol.249, pp.29-38, 1982.
  12. 정우일, "깨진 창 경찰활동과 기초질서위반사범", 한국공안행정학회보, 제34호, pp.303-328, 2009.
  13. V. Henry, The COMPSTAT Paradigm: Management Accountability in Policing, Business and the Public Sector, Flushing, N Y:Looseleaf Law Publications, Inc. 2003.
  14. D. Weisburd, S. D. Mastrofksi, A. M. McNally, R. Greenspan, and J. J. Willis, "Reforming to preserve: Compstat and strategic problem solving in American policing," Criminology and Public Policy, Vol.2, pp.421-456, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9133.2003.tb00006.x
  15. D. Weisburd, "Hot spots policing experiments and criminal justice: Lessons from the field," The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, No.599, pp.220-245, 2005.