DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Comparative Study of Radiation Exposure using Entrance Skin Dose Calculation Technique in Diagnostic X-Ray Radiography

입사 표면 선량 계산에 따른 진단용 X-선 촬영시 피폭선량 비교 연구

  • 한재복 (전남대학교 전자컴퓨터공학과) ;
  • 최남길 (동신대학교 방사선학과) ;
  • 성호진 (조선대학교 원자력공학과)
  • Received : 2011.11.16
  • Accepted : 2011.12.05
  • Published : 2011.12.28

Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare radiation dose in diagnostic X-ray radiography and calculated by different mathematical equation. The result of ESDs direct measurement and that calculated by Mori NDD-M shows the biggest difference. On the other hand, equation by Edmonds shows the lowest difference of ESDs. Also, Rectification due to the difference between direct dose measurement and calculation method commutated three-phase, single phase and inverter type, show less difference in the drive way. In conclusion, this study can be helpful for expecting radiation dose-exposure and control exposure parameters for the diagnostic x-ray radiography.

Keywords

Mathematical Equation;Direct Measurement;Entrance Surface Doses

References

  1. S. E. Peters and P. C. Brennan, "Digital radiography, are the manufactures's settings too high?," Optimization of the Kodak digital radiography system with aid of the computed radiography dose index, Eur Radio, Vol.12, pp.2381-2387, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-001-1230-0
  2. W. Huda, A. M. Sagewicz, and K. M. Ogedn, "Experimental investigation of the dose and image quality characteristics of a digital mammograhpy imaging system," Med Phys, Vol.30, pp.442-448, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.1543572
  3. N. A. Gkanatsios, W. Huda, and K. R. Peters, "Effect of radiographic techniques (kVp and mAs) on image quality and patient doses in digital subtraction angiograhpy," Med Phys, Vol.29, pp.1643-1650, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1118/1.1493213
  4. A. A. Bankier, C. chaefer-Prokop, and De Maertelaer V, "Air Trapping: Comparison of Standard-Dose and Simulate Low-Dose Thin-Section CT Techniques," Radiology Vol.242, pp.898-906, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2423060196
  5. IAEA, "International basic safety standards for protection against Ionizing radiation and for the safety of radiation sources," IAEA safety series No.115, 1996.
  6. ICRP, "Supporting Guidance 2, Diagnostic reference levels in medical imaging : Review and additional advice", ICRP committee 3, 2002.
  7. HPA, "Dose to patients from radiographic and fluoroscopic x-ray imaging procedures in the UK - 2005 Review," Chilton, UK, Health Protection Agency, HPA-RPD-029, 2007.
  8. Japan society of radiological technology, Non-Dosimeter-Dosimetry (NDD) method, Ibaragi Branch office, Mito, 1996.
  9. S. C. Kim, C. Y. Kim, and S. M. Ahn, "Calculation method of entrance skin dose in X-ray beam quality factor," the Journal of the Korea Contents Association, Vol.10, No.2, pp.258-267, 2010. https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2010.10.2.258
  10. Technical Report, Explanation Material of RPL, Glass Dosimeter, Small Element System, Asahi Techncv Glass corporation, 2000.
  11. I. R Edmons, "Calculation of patient skin dose from diagnostic X-ray procedures," Br J Radiol, Vol.57, pp.733-744, 1984. https://doi.org/10.1259/0007-1285-57-680-733
  12. J. Chunan, H. Tung, and Tsai, "Evaluations of Gonad and Fetal Doses for Diagnostic Radiology," Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(B) Vol.23, No.2, pp.107-113, 1999.
  13. Hanan Fawaz Akhdar, "Assessment of Entrance skin dose and effective dose of some routine Examinations using calculation technique," king saud university, 2007.
  14. Japan society of radiological technology, Non-Dosimeter-Dosimetry (NDD) method, Ibaragi Branch office, Mito, 1996.
  15. International Atomic Energy Agency, "International basic safety standards for protection against ionizing radiations and for safety of radiation sources," IAEA Safety Series No.115-1, IAEA, Vienna, 1994.
  16. P. C. Shrimpton, B. F. Wall, and D. G. Jones, "A national survey of doses to patients undergoing a selection of routine x-ray examinations in English hospitals," NAPB-R200. National Radiological Protection Borad, Oxon, 1986.
  17. National Radiological Protection Board, "Patient doses reduction in diagnostic radiology," Documetns of the NCRP, Vol.1, No.3, 1990.
  18. The Institute of Physical Sciences in Medicine (IPSM), NRPB and College of Radiographers (CR), National protocol for patient dose measurement in diagnostic radiology. NRPB, Oxon, 1992.
  19. J. Huh, C. K. Kim, I. J. Lee, and W. S. Shin, "A Study on the Effect of Rare Earth Screen Filter," Journal of Korean Society of radiological technology, Vol.11, No.1, pp.17-23, 1988.