Organizational Effectiveness of Police Officers for the Maintenance of Public Order

사회질서 유지를 위한 경찰공무원의 조직효과성

  • 조호대 (순천향대학교 경찰행정학과) ;
  • 조민상 (순천향대학교 경찰행정학과)
  • Received : 2011.09.27
  • Accepted : 2011.10.20
  • Published : 2011.12.28


Modern police activity is achieved than individual achievement by police officers through member's interaction. It is police's goal which protect citizen's life and body, property and is public order maintenance and to achieve this, suitable police official's selection and public official upgrading the quality and capacity strengthening are important element. But, polices organization has characteristic that do activity by team, and therefore, mutual cooperation of police officers is important first of all for public order preservation. Therefore, this study limited as patrol police officers and investigated realization difference about organizational effectiveness for public order maintenance. Analysis result, realization of organizational effectiveness appeared difference according to sex, age, area, police departments, class, period.


Maintain Order;Patrol Officers;Organizational Effectiveness;Job Satisfaction;Organizational Commitment;Organizational Citizenship Behavior


  1. 최경희, "구성원의 행동특성이 조직유효성에 미치는 영향", 미래교육연구, 제19권, 제1호, p.106, 2006.
  3. 경찰대학, 경찰방범론, 경찰공제회, pp.237-238, 2003.
  4. 김종진, "조직혁신을 위한 조직효과성에 리더십이 미치는 영향", 한국부패학회보, 제11권, 제3호, p.38, 2006.
  5. 민진, 조직관리론, 대영문화사, pp.100-101, 2009.
  6. N. E. Fassina, D. A. Jones, and K. L. Uggerslev, "Relationship clean-up time : using meta-analysis and path analysis to clarify relationships among job satisfaction, perceived fairness, and citizenship behaviors," Journal of Management, Vol.34, No.2, pp.161-188, 2008.
  7. P. Brooke, P. Russell, and J. Price, "Discriminant validation of measures of job satisfaction, job involvement and organizational commitment," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.73, pp.139-145, 1988.
  8. J. H. Buitendach and H. De Witte, "Job insecurity, extrinsic and intrinsic job satisfaction and affective organisational commitment of maintenance workers in a parastatal," South African Journal of Business Management, Vol.36, No.2, pp.27-37, 2005.
  9. 이종두, "조직문화와 직무만족의 관련성에 관한 연구", 충북대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문, p.50, 1996.
  10. 홍신의, 조직행동, 문영사, pp.105-108, 2006.
  11. 주재진, "경찰공무원의 근무성적평정 공정성 인식이 조직효과성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구", 동국대학교 대학원 박사학위 논문, pp.40-42, 2007.
  12. E. Podsakoff, J. MacKenzie, J. Paine, and D. Bachrach, "Organizational citizenship behaviors : A critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature and suggestions for future research," Journal of Management, No.26, pp.513-563, 2000.
  13. 한나영, 김영조, "심리적 임파워먼트와 조직시민 행동의 관계에 대한 성취욕구의 조절효과 검증 : 부산지역 특급호텔 종사자를 중심으로", 인사.조직연구, 제19권, 제1호, p.194, 2011.
  14. Wm. M Bowler, Jonathon R.B. Halbesleben, and Jeff. R.B. Paul, "If you're close with the leader, you must be a brownnose: The role of leader-member relationships in follower, leader, and coworker attributions of organizational citizenship behavior motives," Human Resource Management Review No.20, 2010.
  15. G. W. Cordner, and K. E. Scarborough, Police Administration, LexisNexis, pp.46-47, 2010.
  16. 이황우, 경찰인사행정론, 법문사, p.172, 2007.