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Models of Genetic Counseling Services and Quality Assurance: A Theoretical Inquiry

유전상담 서비스 모델 분석 : 이론적 탐색

  • Received : 2011.10.28
  • Accepted : 2011.12.12
  • Published : 2011.12.31

Abstract

유전 위험 사정과 상담서비스가 임상실무에 널리 적용되어 감에 따라, 다양한 비용효율 면에서 다양한 상담서비스 모델을 사정하고, 대상자의 임상 요구와 건강문제를 해결하는데 어떤 모델이 유용한 지 확인할 필요가 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 114건의 현장 관찰과 문헌고찰을 통하여 3가지 유전상담 모형을 분석하였다. 유전의학 전문가 모델, 유전상담사 모델, 임상연구전문가 모델을 중심으로 각 모델의 구조, 전문가의 역할 및 기능, 목표, 물리적 세팅, 교육도구 등을 분석하였다. 각 모형 안에서 환자에게 기대되는 결과 면에서 질적 서비스가 보장되는지 확인하기 위하여 이론적 분석을 실시하였다. 본 연구를 통하여 각 모형의 상담 전, 중, 후 환자 만족, 지식 변화, 상담 효과 및 커뮤니케이션 효과 등을 분석하였지만, 결론적으로 상담서비스가 이루어지고 있는 기관의 구조를 충분히 고려하지 않은 상태에서 최상의 서비스 모델을 제시하기 어려울 것임을 논의하였다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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