Quantitative Detection of Cow Milk in Goat Milk Mixtures by Real-Time PCR

  • Jung, Yu-Kyung (Department of Food and Nutrition, and Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Jhon, Deok-Young (Department of Food and Nutrition, and Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Kang-Hwa (Department of Food and Nutrition, and Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Hong, Youn-Ho (Department of Food and Nutrition, and Human Ecology Research Institute, Chonnam National University)
  • Received : 2011.11.03
  • Accepted : 2011.11.08
  • Published : 2011.12.31


The objective of this study was to develop a fluorogenic real-time PCR-based assay for detecting and quantifying amounts of cow milk in cow/goat milk mixtures or goat milk products. In order to quantify the exact amount of cow milk in cow/goat raw milk mixtures and commercial goat milk products, it was necessary to achieve quantitative extraction of total genomic DNA from the raw milk matrix. Both mammalian-specific PCR and cow-specific PCR were performed. A cow-specific 252 bp band obtained from the raw cow milk and raw goat milk mixtures, commercial goat milk, and two goat milk powders was identified, along with the relationship between the cow milk amount and band intensity of the electrophoresis image. The detection threshold was found to be 0.1%. The expression of cow's 12S rRNA in the cow/goat milk mixtures, commercial goat milk, and two goat milk powders was identified. The expression quantity of the milk 12S rRNA increased with increasing ratios of the cow/goat milk mixtures. Using these calibrated relative expression levels as a standard curve in the cow/goat raw milk mixtures, the contents of cow milk were 1.8% in the commercial goat milk, 9.6% in goat milk powder A, and 11.6% in goat milk powder C. However, cow milk was not detected in goat milk powder B.


Supported by : Chonnam National University


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