The Characteristics of Imagery Thinking in the Processes of Science-Gifted Students' Generating Analogy

과학영재의 비유 만들기 과정에서 나타난 심상적 사고의 특성

  • Received : 2011.06.27
  • Accepted : 2011.08.02
  • Published : 2011.10.20


In this study, we analyzed the characteristics of imagery thinking in the processes of generating analogy of seventh grade science-gifted students in terms of the information-processing of imagery. The analyses of the results revealed that science-gifted students' information-processing of imagery in the processes of generating analogy consisted of image generation, image operation, and image representation. The types of imagery used by science-gifted students were classified into perception imagery, memory imagery, and imagination imagery, and there were some differences in the patterns of information-processing of imagery. In the bases of these results, we suggested the information-processing model of imagery by the types of imagery used in generating analogy. The results of this study may provide useful implication to develop effective methods for a strategy of generating analogy emphasizing the interaction between analogy thinking and imagery thinking which promotes imagery thinking of science-gifted students.


Generating analogy;Imagery thinking;Information-processing of imagery;Science-gifted student


  1. Renzulli, J. S.; Reis, S. M. Gifted. Child. Quarterly 2003, 39, 7.
  2. Betts, G. T. Roeper Review 2004, 26, 190.
  3. Kim, J.; Ha, J.; Park, K.; Kang, S. J. Gifted/Talented Educ. 2008, 18, 1.
  4. Choi, H. The Korean Society for the Gifted and Talent 2003, 13, 1.
  5. Han, K.; Bae, M.; Park, I. Korean Assoc. Sci. Educ. 2003, 23, 21.
  6. Sternberg, R. J. A theory of wisdom, intelligence, and creativity synthesized; Cambridge University Press: NY, U.S.A., 2003.
  7. Sternberg, R. J.; Lubart, R. I. American psychologist 1995, 51, 677.
  8. Seung, E. J. Educational Psychology 2000, 14, 219.
  9. Lee, S.; Hur, M.; An, J. Korean J. Biology Educ. 2005, 33, 371.
  10. Karwowski, M.; Soszynski, M. Thinking skill and creativity 2008, 3, 163.
  11. Mayo, J. A. J. Constructivist Psychology 2001, 14, 187.
  12. Clement, J. Generation of spontaneous analogies by students solving science problems; Paper presented at the International Conference on Thinking, 3rd, Honolulu, HI, 1987 (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 286758).
  13. Kim, Y. Development and application of a teaching strategy using analogy-generating for science-gifted students. Ph.D. Thesis, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, 2011.
  14. Kosslyn, S. M.; Thompson, W. L.; Ganis, G. The case for mental imagery; Oxford university press: Oxford, U.K., 2006, p 134.
  15. Farah, M. J. Cognition 1984, 18, 245.
  16. Edens, K. M.; Ellen, P. School Science and Mathematics 2003, 103, 135.
  17. Jo, J.; Lee, W.; Yeom, N. The Korean Society for the Study of Elementary Educ. 2005, 18, 75.
  18. Kim, Y.; Moon, S.; Noh, T. J. Korean Assoc. Sci. Educ. 2009, 29, 861.
  19. Noh, T.; Yang, C.; Kang, H. J. Korean Elementary Sci. Educ. 2009, 28, 292.
  20. Clement, J. Cognitive Sci. 1988, 12, 563.
  21. Noh, T.; Yang, C.; Kang, H. J. Korean Elementary Sci. Educ. 2010, 29, 219.
  22. Kim, Y.; Park, W.; Noh, T. J. Korean Chem. Soc. 2010, 54, 621.
  23. Kwon, H.; Choi, E.; Noh, T. J. Korean Chem. Soc. 2003, 47, 265.
  24. Clement, J.; Zietsman, A.; Monaghan, J. Imagery in science learning in students and experts; Springer: Dordrecht, Netherlands, 2005, p 169.
  25. Kosslyn, S. M.; Brunn, J.; Cave, K. R.; Wallach, R. W. Cognition 1984, 18, 195.
  26. Lee, H. Architectural Institute of Korea 1997, 13, 37.
  27. Hur, H. Study on the concepting method of design being applyed a mental image. M. S. Thesis, Kookmin University, Seoul, Korea, 2003.
  28. Clarke, C. B. The impact of self-generated analogies on at-risk students' interest and motivation to learn. Ph.D. Thesis, The Florida State University, FL, U.S.A., 2005.
  29. Riding, R. J.; Watts, M. Educational Psychology 1997, 17, 179.
  30. Kim, J.; Han, W. Korean J. Experimental and Cognitive Psychology 1993, 5, 56.
  31. Kwon, H. Status of using analogy and factors influencing conceptual understanding with analogy in chemistry education. Ph.D. Thesis, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea, 2000.
  32. Cho, J.; Lee, W. The J. Elementary Educ. 2005, 18, 75.

Cited by

  1. An Analysis of Verbal Interaction and Analogy-generating Pattern of Science-gifted Students in Learning Using Analogy-generating Strategy vol.35, pp.6, 2015,


Supported by : 한국연구재단