- Volume 7 Issue 4
Analysis of Water Soluble Organic Carbon (WSOC) and n-alkanes for the Ambient PM10 in the Anmyon Island
안면도 미세먼지의 수용성 유기탄소 및 알칸계 유기성분 분석
- Lee, Ji Yi (Department of Environmental Engineering, BK21 Team for Biohydrogen Production, Chosun University) ;
- Kim, Yu Won (Global Atmosphere Watch station, Korea Meteorological Administration) ;
- Kim, Eun Sil (Global Atmosphere Watch station, Korea Meteorological Administration) ;
- Lee, Sun Young (Department of environmental health, Seoul National University) ;
- Lee, Hyunhee (Department of environmental health, Seoul National University) ;
- Yi, Seung-Muk (Department of environmental health, Seoul National University) ;
- Kwon, Su Hyun (Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University) ;
- Kim, Yong Pyo (Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University)
- 이지이 (조선대학교 환경공학과) ;
- 김유원 (기상청 기후변화감시센터) ;
- 김은실 (기상청 기후변화감시센터) ;
- 이선영 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
- 이현희 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
- 이승묵 (서울대학교 보건대학원) ;
- 권수현 (이화여자대학교 환경공학과) ;
- 김용표 (이화여자대학교 환경공학과)
- Received : 2011.11.22
- Accepted : 2011.12.26
- Published : 2011.12.31
The concentration levels of n-alkanes and water soluble organic carbon (WSOC) at Anmyon, a Global Atmospheric Watch (GAW) station operated by Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), has been characterized for the PM10 samples collected in 2010. It was found that the concentrations of WSOC at Anmyon were comparable to those in Seoul and lower than those in Gosan, another background area in Korea. However, the maximum concentration of the WSOC at Anmyon was observed in fall while that at Seoul was in winter. It suggests that the emission and/or transformation characteristics at two areas are different. The concentrations of n-alkanes at Anmyon were slightly lower than at Gosan and about one thirds at Seoul. However, it was found that at Gosan the n-alkanes from natural sources were dominant at Gosan. On the other hand, n-alkanes from anthropogenic sources were dominant at Anmyon. Study directions to further understand the characteristics of aerosols at Anmyon are discussed.
Supported by : 기상청
- Brown S. G., Herckes, P., Ashbaugh, L., Hannigan, M. P., Kreidenweis, S. M., Collett, J. L. (2002) Characterization of organic aerosol in Big Bend National Park, Texas, Atmospheric Environment, 36, 5807-5818. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(02)00578-2
- Cheng, Y., Li, S. M. and Leithead, A. (2006) Chemical characteristics and origins of nitrogen- containing organic compounds in PM2.5 aerosols in the Lower Fraser Valley. Environmental Science and Technology, 40, 5846-5852. https://doi.org/10.1021/es0603857
- Jurgen, S.-K., Martin, S., Jurgen, O., Matthias, S., Annette, P., Ralf, Z. (2007) Semi Volatile Organic Compounds in Ambient PM2.5. Seasonal Trends and Daily Resolved Source Contributions, Environmental Science and Technology, 41 (11), 3821-3828. https://doi.org/10.1021/es060666e
- Kanakidou, M., Seinfeld, J. H., Pandis, S. N., Barnes, I., Dentener, F. J., Facchini, M. C., Van Dingenen, R., Ervens, B., Nenes, A., Nielsen, C. J., Swietlicki, E., Putaud, J. P., Balkanski, Y., Fuzzi, S., Horth, J., Moortgat, G. K., Winterhalter, R., Myhre, C. E. L., Tsigaridis, K., Vignati, E., Stephanou, E. G. and Wilson, J. (2005) Organic aerosol and global climate modelling: A review. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 5, 1053-1123. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-5-1053-2005
- Kwon, S. H., Kim, Y. P. and Lee, J, Y. (2011) Impact of the dust storm on the ambient aerosol organic composition in Seoul, Korea, submitted.
- Lee, J. Y., Lane, D. A., Huh, J.-B., Yi, S.-M. and Kim, Y. P. (2009) Analysis of organic compounds in ambient PM2.5 over Seoul using thermal desorption-comprehensive two dimensional gas chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry (TD-GCxGC-TOFMS). Journal of Korean Association Atmospheric Environment, 25, 420-431. https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2009.25.5.420
- Park, S.S., Cho, S.Y. (2011) Tracking sources and behaviors of water-soluble organic carbon in fine particulate matter measured at an urban site in Korea. Atmospheric Environment 45, 60-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.09.045
- Schauer, J. J. and Cass, G. R. (2000) Source apportionment of wintertime gas-phase and particle- phase air pollutants using organic compounds as tracers. Environmental Science and Technology, 34, 1821-1832. https://doi.org/10.1021/es981312t
- Seinfeld, J. H. and Pandis, S. N. (2006) Atmospheric chemistry and physics; from air pollution to climate change. John Wiley & Sons, NJ, USA.
- Simoneit, B. R. T. (1999) A review of biomarker compounds as source indicators and tracers for air pollution, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 6, 159-169. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02987621
- Simoneit, B. R. T., Kobayashi, M., Mochida, M., Kawamura, K., Lee, M., Lim, H.-J., Turpin, B. J., Komazaki, Y. (2004) Composition and major sources of organic compounds of aerosol partic ulate matter sampled during the ACE-Asia campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D19S10.
- Wang, G., Kawamura, K., Lee, M. (2009) Comparison of organic compositions in dust storm and normal aerosol samples collected at Gosan, Jeju Island, during spring 2005, Atmospheric Environment, 43, 219-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.046
- Wang, G. (2011) Organic aerosols in East Asia and their impact on the downstream atmosphere: a review, Journal of Earth Environment, 2(3), 467-478.
- World Meteorological Organization (2004) Manual for the GAW precipitation chemistry programme: Guidelines, data quality objectives and standard operating procedures, GAW Report, 160, 1-170
- Xie, M., Wang, G., Hu, S., Han, Q., Xu, Y., Gao, Z. (2009) Aliphatic alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in atmospheric PM10 aerosols from Baoji, China: Implications for coal burning, Atmospheric Research, 93(4), 840-848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.04.004
- Zheng, M., Cass, G. R., Schauer, J. J. and Edgerton, E. S. (2002) Source apportionment of PM2.5 in the southeastern United States using solvent-extractable organic compounds as tracers. Environmental Science and Technology, 36, 2361-2371. https://doi.org/10.1021/es011275x