Effects of Aqueous Extract of Achyranthes Japonica on Functional Recovery in Sciatic Nerve after Crushed Sciatic Nerve Injury in Rats

우슬 추출물이 흰쥐 좌골신경 손상 후 좌골신경의 기능회복에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Ma-Seong (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Song, Yun-Kyung (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University) ;
  • Lim, Hyung-Ho (Dept. of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Oriental Medicine, Kyung-Won University)
  • 이마성 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 송윤경 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 임형호 (경원대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실)
  • Received : 2011.03.15
  • Accepted : 2011.04.14
  • Published : 2011.04.30

Abstract

Objectives : Peripheral nerve injuries are commonly encountered clinical problem and often result in severe functional deficits. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of aqueous extract of Achyranthes japonica(AJ) on functional recovery in sciatic nerve after crushed sciatic nerve injury. Methods : In the present study, the animals in the AJ-treated groups received the aqueous extract of AJ at the respective doses orally for 13 consecutive days. In order to assess the effects of the aqueous extract of AJ on function recovery in crushed sciatic nerve injury, sciatic functional index(SFI) was performed. c-Fos expression in the paraventricular nucleus(PVN) and ventrolateral periaqueductal gray(vIPAG), and neurofilament, and the expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF), nerve growth factor(NGF) following crushed sciatic nerve injury in rats were investigated. For this, immunohistochemistry and western blot were performed. Results : In the present study, crushed sciatic nerve injury showed characteristic gait changes showing decrease of SFI value and treatment with the aqueous extract of AJ significantly enhanced the SFI value. Neurofilament expression in the sciatic nerve was decreased by crushed sciatic nerve injury and treatment with the AJ increased neurofilament expression. The expressions of BDNF and NGF in the sciatic nerve were increased following crushed sciatic nerve injury and treatment with the AJ significantly controlled the sciatic nerve injury-induced increment of BDNF and NGF expressions. c-Fos expressions in the PVN and vIPAG were increased following crushed sciatic nerve injury and treatment with the AJ significantly suppressed the sciatic nerve injury-induced increment of c-Fos expressions. Conclusions : These results suggest that AJ treatment after crushed sciatic nerve injury is effective in the functional recovery by enhancing axonal regeneration and suppressing of pain.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 경원대학교

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