Effects of Gait Training Using Functional Electrical Stimulation on Stroke Patients' Balance and Gait Velocity



Kang, Kwon-Young;Choi, Wan-Suk;An, Ho-Jung;Koo, Ja-Pung;Lee, Joon-Hee;Yun, Young-Dae;Lee, Jung-Sook;Jung, Joung-Youl;Lee, Sang-Bin

  • 투고 : 2011.05.27
  • 심사 : 2011.10.05
  • 발행 : 2011.10.28


The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of gait training using functional electrical stimulation on the improvement of hemiplegic patients' functions for balance and gait velocity. The subjects of the experiment were determined to be 10 each hemiplegic patients who had been diagnosed with stroke or brain damage six months or longer earlier assigned to an experimental group and a control group respectively. The subjects were evaluated before the experiment using Tetrax and 10M gait tests, received gait training five times a week for four weeks using functional electrical stimulation and were evaluated after the experiment in the same method as used in the evaluation before the experiment. In order to examine differences between the experimental group that received gait training using functional electrical stimulation and the control group that was treated by functional electrical stimulation and received gait training thereafter, differences between before and after the experiment were analyzed using paired sample t-tests and differences in changes after the experiment between the experimental group and the control group were analyzed using independent sample t-tests in order to compare the two groups with each other. Experimental results showed significant differences in weight bearing, balance and gait velocity between before and after the experiment in the experimental group(p<.05). In the control group, whereas weight bearing and gait velocity did not show any significant difference between before and after the experiment(p>.05), balance showed significant differences(p<.05). Weight bearing, balance and gait velocity change rates showed significant differences between the experimental group and the control group(p<.05). In conclusion, it was indicated that gait training using functional electrical stimulation is effective for enhancing stroke patients' weight bearing rates, balance abilities and gait velocity.


Back pain;LLD;Muscle Power;Flexibility;Spinal Decompression Therapy


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