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Quality and Fermentation Characteristics of Kimchi Made with Different Types of Dried Red Pepper (Capsicum annum L.)

  • Received : 2010.10.25
  • Accepted : 2011.02.17
  • Published : 2011.03.31

Abstract

The fermentation and quality characteristics of kimchi, made by adding different types of red pepper (semi-dried red pepper, fresh red pepper, dried red pepper) according to drying conditions, were examined for 15 days at $10^{\circ}C$ fermentation. The initial pH was approximately 5.65~5.72 in all groups, and the pH decreased with increasing fermentation time. The color value of a/b showed the highest in kimchi that made with semi-dried red pepper (SDRP-K). The color value of A remained at the initial level for 9 days, regardless of treatments. The color value had a tendency to decrease after 9 days. The lactic acid bacteria increased rapidly during 6 days of storage, but showed no difference among groups. The initial contents of malic acid and succinic acid were in 3.23~4.52 and 6.12~7.97 mg/mL and decreased during fermentation in all groups. The lactic acid and acetic acid were not contained in the beginning, but increased with increasing fermentation periods. The vitamin C content of SDRP-K was 5.20 mg/g, which was significantly higher compared with kimchi that made with dried red pepper (DRP-K), but which did not show any significant difference to kimchi that made with fresh red pepper (FRP-K). As a result of antioxidant activity in optimally ripened kimchi, both $DPPH^+$ and $ABTS^+$ scavenging activities were higher in SDRP-K than any other groups. As a result of the sensory evaluation, overall acceptability was highest in SDRP-K.

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