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누에, 뽕나무, 산약 및 차가버섯 추출물을 이용한 음료 개발

Development of a Beverage Using the Extracts from Bombyx mori L., Morus alba L., Dioscoreae rhizome and Inonotus obliquus

  • 김은주 (대구한의대학교 한방식품약리학과) ;
  • 김순희 (김천대학교 호텔외식산업학과) ;
  • 김수민 (대구한의대학교 한방식품약리학과)
  • Kim, Eun-Joo (Department of Herbal Foodceutical Science, Daegu Haany University) ;
  • Kim, Soon-Hee (Department of Hotel & Food Service Industry, Gimchen University) ;
  • Kim, Soo-Min (Department of Herbal Foodceutical Science, Daegu Haany University)
  • 투고 : 2011.06.01
  • 심사 : 2011.10.28
  • 발행 : 2011.12.30

초록

본 연구는 누에, 상심자, 상엽, 상지, 산약 및 차가버섯을 편리하게 음용할 수 있도록 제품을 개발하기 위하여 혼합 추출물의 성분과 기능성을 분석한 후 음료를 제조하여 음료의 성분 분석, 기능성 평가 및 동물실험을 수행하였다. 혼합 추출물의 일반성분 분석 결과 조단백질 0.31%, 조지방 0.38%, 탄수화물 0.42% 및 조회분 0.19%이었다. 유리당은 fructose 0.067 g/100 mL, glucose 0.047 g/100 mL이었고 DNJ는 161.02 mg/gdw을 함유하고 있었으며 항산화성을 검토한 결과 모든 항목에서 우수한 결과를 나타내었다. 또한 ${\alpha}$-glucosidase 저해활성도 우수하였다. 혼합 추출물을 이용하여 제조한 음료의 일반성분을 분석한 결과 조단백질 0.42%, 조지방 0.31 및 탄수화물 9.9%로 나타났다. 음료의 유리당 함량 분석 결과 fructose와 glucose가 증가하였다. 음료의 기능성을 평가한 결과 total polyphenol 함량은 71.93%이었고 전자공여능은 농도 5%에서 가장 높았으며 TBARS를 실험한 결과 특히 $KO_2$에 대한 억제능이 높은 것으로 나타났다. Streptozotocin으로 당뇨를 유발한 후 5주간 음료를 공급하여 혈당의 변화를 측정한 결과 실험 기간 중 정상군(A)은 혈당변화가 거의 없었으며, 당뇨 대조군(B)은 2주째부터 5주차까지 비슷하게 경향의 높은 혈당치를 나타내었다. 음료 경구 투여군(C)에서는 2주차부터 당뇨 대조군(B)에 비해 낮은 혈당치를 나타내었다. 음료 자유급여군(D)은 2주차부터 혈당치가 완만하게 떨어져 5주차에서는 당뇨 유발시험물질 투여군 중 가장 낮은 혈당치를 나타내는 경향을 보였다.

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 지식경제부

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  1. Biological Activity of Korean Dandelion (Taraxacum coreanum) Extracts and Preparation of Korean Dandelion Tea by Roasting Time vol.31, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.9724/kfcs.2015.31.5.581