Influence of Inlet Secondary Curvature on Hemodynamics in Subject-Specific Model of Carotid Bifurcations

환자 특정 경동맥 분기부 모델 혈류유동에 대한 입구부 이차곡률의 영향

  • Lee, Sang-Wook (School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ulsan)
  • 이상욱 (울산대학교 기계공학부)
  • Received : 2011.08.11
  • Accepted : 2011.10.07
  • Published : 2011.10.30

Abstract

In image-based CFD modeling of carotid bifurcation hemodynamics, it is often not possible (or at least not convenient) to impose measured velocity profiles at the common carotid artery inlet. Instead, fully-developed velocity profiles are usually imposed based on measured flow rates. However, some studies reported a pronounced influence of inflow boundary conditions that were based on actual velocity profiles measured by magnetic resonance imaging which showing the unusual presence of a high velocity band in the middle of the vessel during early diastole inconsistent with a Dean-type velocity profile. We demonstrated that those velocity profiles were induced by the presence of modest secondary curvature of the inlet and set about to test whether such more "realistic" velocity profiles might indeed have a more pronounced influence on the carotid bifurcation hemodynamics. We found that inlet boundary condition with axisymmetric fully-developed velocity profile(Womersley flow) is reasonable as long as sufficient CCA inlet length of realistic geometry is applied.

의료영상을 기반으로 한 경동맥 분기부 혈류유동장 전산유체역학 해석의 수행에 있어 입구부 경계 조건 도출을 위한 환자 특정 시간 변동 상세 유속 분포를 얻는 것은 일반적으로 쉽지 않다. 그러므로 대부분의 경우 계측된 혈류량을 바탕으로 이상적인 축대칭 완전발달 유속 분포를 적용하게 된다. 그러나 MRI로 직접 계측한 총경동맥 혈류 유속분포를 적용한 기존의 연구에서 입구부 유속분포 경계 조건이 경동맥 분기부 혈류 유동장 해석 결과에 중요한 영향을 미친다는 것을 보였으며, 특히 계측된 혈류 유속분포가 전형적인 Dean type 유동과 다른 독특한 형태를 가진다는 것을 보고하였다. 본 연구에서는 이러한 독특한 형태의 유속 분포가 경동맥 입구부 형상의 이차곡률에 의해 생성됨을 보이고, 직접 경동맥 분기부 유동장 CFD 해석의 경계 조건으로 적용하여 이의 영향을 조사하였다. 이를 통하여 충분한 길이의 실제 경동맥 입구부 형상을 적용 할 경우, 입구부 경계 조건의 영향이 의료영상으로 부터 혈관 형상을 도출하는 과정에서 불가피하게 유기되는 영상 처리 오차에 의한 영향에 비해 상대적으로 크지 않음을 알 수 있었다.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단

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