Utilization of Leuconostoc mesenteroides 310-12 Strain in the Fermentation of a Traditional Korean Rice-based Beverage

Leuconostoc mesenteroides 310-12 균주를 이용한 전통 쌀 발효 음료의 제조

  • Kim, Dong-Chung (Department of Human Nutrition and Food Science and International Institute of Bio and Health Science, Chungwoon University) ;
  • Choi, Jin-Woong (Department of Human Nutrition and Food Science and International Institute of Bio and Health Science, Chungwoon University) ;
  • In, Man-Jin (Department of Human Nutrition and Food Science and International Institute of Bio and Health Science, Chungwoon University)
  • 김동청 (청운대학교 식품영양학과 및 국제 바이오.건강과학연구소) ;
  • 최진웅 (청운대학교 식품영양학과 및 국제 바이오.건강과학연구소) ;
  • 인만진 (청운대학교 식품영양학과 및 국제 바이오.건강과학연구소)
  • Received : 2011.01.17
  • Accepted : 2011.02.15
  • Published : 2011.03.31


A lactic acid bacterial strain showing high acid production in saccharified-rice suspension was isolated from Kimchi. This strain was analyzed by API 50 CHL kit and 16S rRNA sequencing analysis and identified as Leuconostoc mesenteroides 310-12. Saccharified-rice suspension was fermented using L. mesenteroides 310-12 strain at $30^{\circ}C$ for 15 h. The changes of pH, titratable acidity and viable cell number during fermentation were determined. The pH and titratable acidity were reached to pH 3.57 and 0.40% after 15 h fermentation, respectively. The viable cell population of L. mesenteroides 310-12 was rapidly increased to $8.9{\times}10^8$ CFU/g during the 15 h of cultivation. The contents of lactic acid and acetic acid were determined to be 0.077% and 0.065% after 15 h fermentation, respectively. The rice-based fermented beverage was manufactured by blending L. mesenteroides 310-12 fermented broth and some food additives. When this beverage was stored at $4^{\circ}C$, the viable cells population was decreased to $1.0{\times}10^7$ CFU/g and pH was nearly maintained for 25 days.

쌀과 유산균을 이용한 곡류 발효 음료를 개발하기 위하여 김치로부터 현미 당화물에서산 생성이 우수한 유산균을 선발하였다. 선발된 균주는 L. mesenteroides로 동정되었으며, L. mesenteroides 310-12로 명명하였다. L. mesenteroides 310-12균주를 효소 처리한 현미 당화물 현탁액에 접종한 후 pH, 적정산도, 생균수의 변화를 경시적으로 측정하였다. 동시에 효소를 처리하지 않은 현미 분말 현탁액을 대조군으로 비교하였다. 당화물의 pH는 배양 9시간 이후 pH 3.63으로 급격히 감소한 후 배양 15시간에 pH 3.57로 완만하게 감소하였으나 대조군의 pH는 배양 3시간 후 pH 4.40에서 큰 변화가 없었다. 적정산도는 지속적으로 증가하여 배양 15시간에 0.40%에 도달하였으며, 유기산 함량은 젖산 0.077%, 초산 0.065%로 분석되었다. 생균수는 배양 12시간에 7.9 log CFU/g까지 급격히 증가하였으나 대조군에서 생균수의 증가는 매우 미미하였다. L. mesenteroides 310-12 균주로 발효시킨 현미 당화물에 몇 가지 식품 첨가물을 혼합하여 발효 음료를 제조한 후 $4^{\circ}C$에서 보관하면서 pH, 적정산도 및 생균수의 변화를 조사하였다. 제조한 음료를 32일간 저장하였을 경우 pH는 큰 변화를 보이지 않았으나 적정산도는 점차 증가하여 저장 20일에 0.684%까지 증가한 후 감소하는 경향이었다. 생균수는 저장 25일에 7 log CFU/g까지 저장 기간이 증가함에 따라 점차 감소하였다.



Supported by : 농심그룹 율촌재단


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