The Effects of Circuit Weight Training Programs including Aquatic Exercises on the Body Composition and Serum Lipid Components of Women with Obesity

  • Kim, Gi-Won (Department of Physical Therapy, Suwon Women's College) ;
  • Hwang, Ryong (Department of Physical Therapy, Dongnam Health College)
  • Received : 2011.10.31
  • Accepted : 2011.11.29
  • Published : 2011.12.26

Abstract

Purpose: This study investigated the changes in body composition and serum lipid composition in obese women that were caused by a 12-week circuit exercise regime including both field and aquatic activities. Methods: Subjects comprised a total of 36 women who had a BMI of more than $25kg/m^2$. The simple obesity group (n=17) had no current or past record of medical complications, whereas the group with complications (n=19) also suffered from hypertension and/or diabetes. The circuit exercise program consisted of 12 weeks of 60%HRmax exercise sessions, five days a week. Results: While changes in every variable of body composition were significant, there was no statistically significant difference in the changes in serum lipid composition variables. With the exception of BMI, the correlation between the simple/complicated groups and exercising was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: These findings suggest that while a complex circuit weight exercise program that includes aquatic exercises significantly and positively alters obese patients' body composition it does not create statistically significant changes in their serum lipid composition. It can still be concluded, however, that increasing the duration of the exercise program would be effective to influence this. Moreover, personalized exercise programs that fit the needs of the individual participants seem necessary, given that the effect of exercise on body composition and serum lipid composition was greater in patients with simple obesity than in those with complications.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Dong-Nam Health College

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