Modeling the electric transport of HCl and H3PO4 mixture through anion-exchange membranes

  • Received : 2011.02.16
  • Accepted : 2011.06.27
  • Published : 2011.07.25


The electric transport of the mixture of hydrochloric and phosphoric acids through strong base (Neosepta ACM) and weak base (Selemion AAV) anion-exchange membranes was investigated. The instantaneous efficiency of HCl removal from the cathode solution, $CE_{Cl}$, with and without $H_3PO_4$ was determined. It was found that $CE_{Cl}$ was 0.8-0.9 if the number of moles of elementary charge passed through the system, $n_F$, did not exceed ca. 80% of the initial number of HCl moles in the cathode solution, $n_{Cl,ca,0}$. The retention efficiency of $H_3PO_4$ in that range was close to one. The transport of acid mixtures was satisfactorily described by a model based on the extended Nernst-Planck and Donnan equations for $n_F$ not exceeding $n_{Cl,ca,0}$. Among the tested model parameters, most important were: concentration of fixed charges, the porosity-tortuosity coefficient, and the partition coefficient of an undissociated form of $H_3PO_4$. For the both membranes, the obtained optimal values of fixed charge concentration, $\bar{c}_m$, were up to 40% lower than the literature values of $\bar{c}_m$ obtained from the equilibrium measurements. Regarding the $H_3PO_4$ equilibria, it was sufficient to consider $H_3PO_4$ as a monoprotic acid.


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