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식물유래 천연색소의 항산화 활성

부희옥;황성진;배춘식;박수현;송원섭
Boo, Hee-Ock;Hwang, Sung-Jin;Bae, Chun-Sik;Park, Su-Hyun;Song, Won-Seob

  • 투고 : 2010.12.27
  • 심사 : 2011.02.16
  • 발행 : 2011.02.28

초록

선발된 13종의 천연색소 추출물에 대하여 free radical 소거활성 및 아질산염 소거활성, 그리고 항산화효소 활성에 대하여 조사하였다. 천연색소 종류별 free radical 소거 활성을 보면 적양배추(red cabbage), 양파껍질(onion peel), 레드비트(redbeet), 흑미(black rice), 오디(mulberry) 색소 등에서 상대적으로 높게 나타났고, 청치자(blue gardenia) 및 황치자(yellow gardenia), 완숙여주(mature bitter melon) 색소 등에서는 비교적 낮은 활성을 보였다 또한 아질산염에 대한 소거능을 조사한 결과, 반응용액 pH 1.2의 경우 양파껍질, 레드비트, 치자황, 지황(chinese foxglove), 치자청 색소에서 높은 소거 활성을 나타냈으며, 적양배추와 오디 색소에서는 상대적으로 낮은 소거활성을 보였다. 그리고 반응용액 pH 6.0에서는 대부분의 색소 추출물에서 아질산염 소거활성을 나타내지 않았다. 그리고 항산화효소활성 결과를 보면, SOD 활성의 경우 여주, 흑미, 포도과피 등에서 높은 활성을 나타냈고, 자색고구마, 지황에서도 비교적 높은 활성을 보였다. 또한 APX 활성은 뽕잎, 오디, 지황의 순으로 높은 활성을 보였으며, CAT 활성도 APX 결과와 비슷한 양상으로 나타났다. 이는 천연색소에 있어 항산화 효소의 종류에 따라 그 활성에 차이가 있음을 알 수 있다. 본 연구결과를 통해 다양한 생리활성을 지니고 있는 천연식물색소에 대해 높은 항산화 기능성을 확인함으로서 향후 고부가가치의 향장소재 및 식품소재로서의 개발가능성이 매우 높음을 시사해 주고 있다.

키워드

Antioxidative enzyme activity;DPPH(1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl);Nitrite scavenging ability;Natural plant pigment

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