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Antioxidative Activities and Components of Gardenia jasminoides

치자의 항산화 활성 및 활성성분의 분리

  • Yang, Hye-Jung (Department of Food Science and Technology, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Park, Mi-Jung (Department of Visual Optics, Seoul National University of Science and Technology) ;
  • Lee, Heum-Sook (Department of Food Science and Technology, Seoul National University of Science and Technology)
  • 양혜정 (서울과학기술대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 박미정 (서울과학기술대학교 안경광학과) ;
  • 이흠숙 (서울과학기술대학교 식품공학과)
  • Received : 2010.05.27
  • Accepted : 2010.10.18
  • Published : 2011.02.28

Abstract

From the total methanolic extract of Gardenia jasminoides (Rubiaceae), various antioxidative characteristics were identified in terms of nitrite scavenging ability, 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation inhibition, superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity, and elongation effect of lipid peroxidation using Rancimat. After successive partitioning with n-hexane, chloroform, n-butanol, and water, potent nitrite scavenging abilities were shown in the n-butanol fraction and water fraction, and $IC_{50}$ values were 183 ppm and 194 ppm, respectively. As for ABTS radical cation inhibition, the chloroform fraction was most potent and its $IC_{50}$ was 159 ppm. SOD-like activity was slightly low in all of the fractions. The elongation effect of lipid peroxidation also increased dose-dependently and the antioxidative index (AI) of the total methanolic extract was 2.93 in 1000 ppm, which was more effective than 1.66 of butylated hydroxy anisol in the same concentration. The compounds I and II were isolated through silica gel column chromatography of the active fractions, and identified as geniposide and crocin, respectively, by $^1H-NMR$ spectral data. The $IC_{50}$ values for the nitrite scavenging abilities of geniposide and crocin were 940 ppm and 77 ppm, respectively. In ABTS radical cation inhibition, the $IC_{50}$ values of geniposide and crocin were 684 ppm and 549 ppm, respectively. And the $EC_{50}$ value for SOD-like activity of crocin was 259 ppm, which was much smaller than 453 ppm by the positive control, chlorogenic acid. The $EC_{50}$ value of geniposide could not be identified.

Keywords

Gardenia jasminoides;geniposide;crocin;antioxidant activities;antioxidative index

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