DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Correlation between the Number of Fungiform Papillae and Electrogustometric Thresholds in Adults

젊은 성인에서 심상유두개수와 전기미각역치의 상관성

  • Han, Dong-Hoon (Scool of Dentistry, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Park, Ji-Il (Department of Dental Hygiene, Gwangju Health college university) ;
  • Lim, Hoi-Soon (Department of Oral medicine, Scool of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Hyung (Department of Oral medicine, Scool of Dentistry, Dental Science Research Institute, Chonnam National University)
  • 한동훈 (전남대학교대학원 치의학과) ;
  • 박지일 (광주보건대학 치위생과) ;
  • 임회순 (전남대학교 치의학연구소, 치의학전문대학원 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 김재형 (전남대학교 치의학연구소, 치의학전문대학원 구강내과학교실)
  • Received : 2011.01.07
  • Accepted : 2011.02.28
  • Published : 2011.03.30

Abstract

The aims of this study were to establish the effect of gender and age on number of fungiform papillae and electrogustometric thresholds of the tongue, and to determine the relation between number of fungiform papillae and electrogustometric threshold. Sixty-two healthy subjects of 20 to 39 years old were enrolled in this study. Examination areas were defined as center, anterior, left lateral, right lateral, and posterior on the dorsal surface of the tongue, which was stained with methylene blue dye and photographed with a scale bar on it. The number of fungiform papillae within $1\; cm^2$ square area of each examination site was counted twice. The counted values were averaged to produce means. Taste thresholds were measured three times on each examination area using an electrogustometer. Means of the threshold values were calculated. 1. The number of fungiform papillae was the largest at the anterior examination area, followed by right lateral, left lateral, posterior and central. Women had more fungiform papillae than men at anterior, right lateral, and center areas. Subjects in twenties showed more fungiform papillae than those in thirties at anterior, right lateral, and left lateral areas. 2. Anterior area of the tongue measured the lowest electrogustometric threshold, followed by left lateral, right lateral, posterior and center. The threshold was higher in men at anterior and right lateral areas. The subjects in thirties had higher threshold only at right lateral area than those in twenties. 3. Electrogustometric threshold was inversely correlated with the number of fungiform papillae at anterior and posterior areas. The results showed that the number of fungiform papillae and taste threshold varied according to tongue locus, and they were influenced by age and gender. The results also suggested that the number of fungiform papillae was related to electrogustometric threshold inversely.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 전남대학교병원 임상의학연구소

References

  1. 이종흔, 김종수. 구강생리학, 4판, 군자출판사, 1994. pp:94-98, 211-233
  2. Seiden AM, Duncan HJ, and Smith DV. Office management of taste and smell disorders. Otolaryngol Clin N Am. 1992;25(4):817-835.
  3. Deems DA, Doty RL, Settle RG, Moore-Gillon V, Shaman P, Mester AF, Kimmelman CP, Brightman VJ, Snow JB Jr. Smell and taste disorders, a study of 750 patients form the University of Pennsylvania Smell and Taste Center. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1991;117:519-528 https://doi.org/10.1001/archotol.1991.01870170065015
  4. 성호경, 김기환. 생리학, 6판, 의학문화사, 1996. pp:614-626
  5. 고명연, 권경민, 허준영 등. 구강건조증환자의 미각역치에 관한 연구. 대한구강내과학회지. 2008;33(1):67-73
  6. Gary DK, Robert U, Joel BE. Taste change associated with a dental procedure: Case report and review of the literature. JCDA. 2008;74(5):455-461
  7. Takahiko S, Takeda E, Akira K. Evaluation of taste sensation following tongue reconstruction by microvascular forearm free flap. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2005;63:618-622 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joms.2004.07.025
  8. Masaki S, Ken I, Keigo S, Kimitaka K, Tatsuya Y. Influence of chronic middle ear diseases on gustatory function: an electrogustometric study. Otol Neurotol. 2007;28:44-47 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mao.0000244359.49756.a3
  9. Takehisa S, Yasuhiro M, Yoshiyuki S, Takahiro Y, Hideki I, Masaharu T, Yoko F, Ichiro N, Toshio O. Long-term follow-up results of electrogustometry and subjective taste disorder after middle ear surgery. Laryngoscope. 2001;111:2064-2070 https://doi.org/10.1097/00005537-200111000-00037
  10. Tomomi N, Masafumi S, Mieko SO, Toshihiko M, Yasuo M, Keijiro F. Taste function after section of chorda tympani nerve in middle ear surgery. Auris Nasus Larynx. 2006;33:13-17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2005.07.015
  11. Lynch MA, Brightman VJ, Greenberg MS. Burket's Oral Medicine Diagnosis and Treatment 9th ed., J. B. Lippincott Co., 1994. pp:343-368
  12. H Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, A Scinska, W Kuran, D Ryglewicz, E Wrobel, A Korkosz, A Kukwa, W Kostowski, P Bienkowski. Taste responses in patients with Parkinson's disease. J Neural Neurosurg Psychiatry 2005;76:40-46 https://doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2003.033373
  13. Josef GH, Christina S, Christoph JG, Bernhard N, Bernd T, Thomas H. Taste Disorders in Acute Stroke, A prospective Observational Study on Taste Disorders in 102 Stroke Patients. Stroke. 2005;36: 1690-1694 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.STR.0000173174.79773.d3
  14. Richard LD, Shaji P, Krishna R, Kara-Lynne K. Influnces of antihypertensive and antihyperlipidemic drugs on the senses of taste and smell; a review. J Hypertens 2003;21:1805-1813 https://doi.org/10.1097/00004872-200310000-00003
  15. 고명연, 장용석, 허준영, 안용우. 구강작열감증후군 환자의 미각에 관한 연구. 대한구강내과학회지. 2006;31(4): 275-281
  16. 전진용, 안용우, 고명연. 전기미각측정기를 이용한 재발성 아프타성 궤양 환자의 미각평가. 대한구강내과학회지. 2007;32(1):1-8
  17. 김정우, 박준상, 고명연, 안용우. 전기미각측정기를 이용한 구강편평태선환자의 미각연구. 대한구강내과학회지. 2006;31(2):113-120
  18. 이용한, 태일호, 고명연, 안용우. 전기미각측정기를 이용한 구강점막질환 환자의 미각평가. 대한구강내과학회지. 2008;33(2):133-145
  19. Tomita H, Ikeda M, Okuda Y. Basis and practice of clinical taste examination. Auris Nasus Larynx. 1986;13:1-15 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0385-8146(86)80051-7
  20. Tomita H, Ikeda M. Clinical use of electrogustometry: strengths and limitations. Acta Otolaryngol. 2002;546:27-38
  21. 김균요, 허윤경, 최재갑. 해부학적 위치에 따른 혀의 촉각식별능의 차이와 심상유두 개수의 관계. 대한구강내과학회지. 2008;33(4):295-303
  22. 임회순, 김병국, 정성수. 연령증가에 따른 심상유두의 변화. 전남대학교 치과대학 논문집. 2000;12:430-444.
  23. Miller J. Human taste bud density across adult age group. Journal of Gerodontology. 1998;43:26-30
  24. 박성근, 김선희, 기우천, 최재갑. 한국인에 있어서 연령 증가에 따른 미각의 변화. 대한구강내과학회지. 1998;23(4):327-341. 2003:;2894):311-319
  25. 김용식, 윤창륙, 안종모 등. 2형 당뇨병 환자의 미각. 대한구강내과학회지. 2003;28(4):401-412
  26. 이용한, 안종모, 박준상, 고명연. 의치착용 환자의 미각. 대한구강내과학회지. 2004;29(4):311-319
  27. Miller IJ, Reedy FE. Variations in human taste bud density and taste intensity perception. Physiology and Behavior. 1990;47:1213-1219 https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9384(90)90374-D
  28. 전국치과대학원생리학교수협의회 편저. 치의학을 위한 생리학. 대한나래의학출판사, 2005. pp:404-414
  29. Shahbake M, Ian H, David GL, Anthony LJ. Rapid quantitative assesement of fungiform papillae density in the human tongue. Brain Research. 2005;1052: 196-201 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2005.06.031
  30. Stillman JA, Morton RP. Hay KD, Ahmad Z, Goldsmith D. Electrogustometry: strength, weakness, and clinical evidence of stimulus boundaries. Clin Otolaryngol. 2003;28:406-410 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2273.2003.00729.x
  31. Eva KE, David G, K. David H, Randall PM. Studies on the relationship between electrogustometry and sour taste perception. Auris Nasus Larynx 2007;34: 477-480 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2007.03.004
  32. Winkler S, Garg AK, Mekayarajjananonth T, Bakaeen LG, Khan E. Depressed taste and smell in geriatric patients. JADA. 1999;130:1759-1765
  33. 김화영, 원혜숙, 김광옥. 노인의 영양상태에 미각변화가 미치는 영향. 한국영양학회지. 1997;30(8):995-1008
  34. Baker Ha. Didcock EA, Kemm JR, and Patrick JM. Effect age and sex and illness on salt taste detection thresholds. Age and Ageing 1983;12:159-165 https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/12.2.159
  35. Nilsson B. Taste acuity of the human palate. II. Studies with electrogustometry on subject in different age groups. Acta Odontol Scand. 1979; 37(4):217-234 https://doi.org/10.3109/00016357909027584
  36. Nilsson B. Taste acuity of the human palate. II. Studies with taste solutions on subject in different age groups. Acta Odontol Scand. 1979:37(4):235-252 https://doi.org/10.3109/00016357909027585
  37. 김선하, 장성용, 최재갑. 20대 한국인의 미각선호도 및 전구강미각검사법에 의한 미각역치의 측정. 대한구강내과학회지 2003;28(4):413-426
  38. Richard LD, Ritu B, Monique M, Natasha M. NaCl threshold: relationship to anterior tongue locus, area of stimulation, and number of fungiform papillae. Physiology and Behavior. 2001;72:373-378 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9384(00)00416-9
  39. Shawn LM, Natacha M, Richard LD. Electrogustometric threshold: Relationship to anterior tongue locus, area of stimulation, and number of fungiform papillae. Physiology and Behavior. 2002;75:753-757 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0031-9384(02)00672-8