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Comparing of Blind Watermarking Method using DWT and CAT

DWT와 셀룰라 오토마타 변환을 이용한 블라인드 워터마킹 비교

  • Received : 2011.01.12
  • Accepted : 2011.04.12
  • Published : 2011.04.28

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel blind digital watermarking method based on a cellular automata transform (CAT). CAT is based on dynamic systems known as cellular automata(CA) and uses transform bases which are differently defined by a rule number, the number of neighbors, the number of cells, and an initial state, etc. The proposed CAT based method is compared with a blind watermarking method based on DWT which is commonly used for a domain transform in signal processing. We analyse properties on changes of DWT coefficients and CAT coefficients under various attacks and determine optimal parameters for a watermarking method robust to attacks. The simulations show that the watermarked images with high PSNR and MSSIM look visually identical to originals and are robust against most of typical image processing attacks. Moreover, the proposed CAT based watermarking method is superior to the DWT based one in robustness to most of typical image processing attacks including JPEG compression, median and average filtering, scaling, cropping, and histogram equalization.

Keywords

Watermark;Blind Watermark;Cellular Automata Transform;Discrete Wavelet Transform;Basis function;Copyright Protection;Robustness

References

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단