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Effect of Dance/Movement Therapy on Mental Health in In-patient with Schizophrenia

무용/동작치료가 입원중인 정신분열증 환자의 정신건강 변화에 미치는 영향

  • 김홍자 (대전대학교 예술치료학과) ;
  • 김인숙 (대전대학교 예술치료학과) ;
  • 김도형 (조선대학교 체육대학)
  • Received : 2010.11.05
  • Accepted : 2011.03.09
  • Published : 2011.04.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was examine the effects of dance / movement therapy on anger and anger expression, depression and anxiety, and positive as well as negative symptoms in in-patient with schizophrenia. Among inpatients with schizophrenia in J Dajeon psychiatric hospital, 38 patients were allocated to either dance and movement therapy (DMT) group (n=18), which included 24 sessions of DMT and medical treatment over 12 weeks, or a control group (n=20), which included only medical treatment. State anger and anger control of DMT group were improved after 12 weeks, and there was a significant difference in anger control after 12 weeks between two groups. Depression of DMT group was improved, and there was significant difference in depression after 12 weeks between DMT and control group. There was a significant difference in negative symptoms after 12 weeks between DMT and control group. These finding demonstrates that DMT has benefit on the reduction of state anger by increasing anger control and depression as well as may improve negative symptoms in in-patient with schizophrenia.

Keywords

Schizophrenia;DMT;Depression;Anxiety;Anger

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