CFD Application to Evaluation of Wave and Current Loads on Fixed Cylindrical Substructure for Ocean Wind Turbine

해상풍력발전용 고정식 원형 하부구조물에 작용하는 파랑 및 조류 하중 해석을 위한 CFD 기법의 적용

  • Park, Yeon-Seok (Dept. of Ocean Engineering, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Chen, Zheng-Shou (School of Naval Architecture and Civil Engineering, Zhejiang Ocean University) ;
  • Kim, Wu-Joan (Dept. of Ocean Engineering, Mokpo National University)
  • 박연석 (목포대학교 해양시스템공학과) ;
  • 진정수 (중국절강해양대학교 선박해양공학과) ;
  • 김우전 (목포대학교 해양시스템공학과)
  • Received : 2011.03.08
  • Accepted : 2011.04.22
  • Published : 2011.04.30


Numerical simulations were performed for the evaluation of wave and current loads on a fixed cylindrical substructure model for an ocean wind turbine using the ANSYS-CFX package. The numerical wave tank was actualized by specifying the velocity at the inlet and applying momentum loss as a wave damper at the end of the wave tank. The Volume-Of-Fluid (VOF) scheme was adopted to capture the air-water interface. An accuracy validation of the numerical wave tank with a truncated vertical circular cylinder was accomplished by comparing the CFD results with Morison's formula, experimental results, and potential flow solutions using the higher-order boundary element method (HOBEM). A parametric study was carried out by alternately varying the length and amplitude of the wave. As a meaningful engineering application, in the present study, three kinds of conditions were considered, i.e., cases with current, waves, and a combination of current and progressive waves, passing through a cylindrical substructure model. It was found that the CFD results showed reasonable agreement with the results of the HOBEM and Morison's formula when only progressive waves were considered. However, when a current was included, CFD gave a smaller load than Morison's formula.


Computational fluid dynamics;Morison's formula;High-order boundary element method;Numerical wave tank;Wave load;Current load;Circular cylinder;Ocean wind turbine;Substructure


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