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Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Changes in the Bovine Whey Proteome during the Transition from Colostrum to Milk

  • Zhang, Le-Ying (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science) ;
  • Wang, Jia-Qi (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science) ;
  • Yang, Yong-Xin (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science) ;
  • Bu, Deng-Pan (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science) ;
  • Li, Shan-Shan (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science) ;
  • Zhou, Ling-Yun (State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Science)
  • Received : 2010.03.10
  • Accepted : 2010.08.13
  • Published : 2011.02.01

Abstract

Bovine whey protein expression patterns of colostrum are much different from that of milk. Moreover, bovine colostrum is an important source of protective, nutritional and developmental factors for the newborn. However, to our knowledge, no research has been performed to date using a comparative proteomic method on the changes in the bovine whey proteome during the transition from colostrum to milk. This study therefore separated whey protein of days 1, 3, 7 and 21 after calving using two dimension electrophoresis. Differentially expressed proteins at different collection times were identified using high-performance liquid chromatography in tandem with mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and validated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in order to understand the developmental changes in the bovine whey proteome during the transition from colostrum to milk. The expression patterns of whey protein of days 1 and 3 post-partum were similar except that immunoglobulin G was down-regulated on day 3, and four proteins were found to be down-regulated on days 7 and 21 compared with day 1 after delivering, including immunoglobulin G, immunoglobulin M, albumin, and lactotransferrin, which are involved in immunity and molecule transport. The results of this study confirm the comparative proteomic method has the advantage over other methods such as ELISA and immunoassays in that it can simultaneously detect more differentially expressed proteins. In addition, the difference in composition of milk indicates a need for adjustment of the colostrum feeding regimen to ensure a protective immunological status for newborn calves.

Keywords

Bovine Milk Whey Protein;Colostrum;Milk;Two Dimension Electrophoresis;Mass Spectrometry

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