A Rapid Method for Monitoring of Gram-positive Bacteria in Wastewater Treatment Systems

폐수처리시스템에서의 그람 양성 세균 모니터링 방법

  • Nam, Ji-Hyun (Department of Microbiology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Bae, Woo-Keun (Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Hun (Department of Microbiology, Chungbuk National University)
  • Received : 2011.03.14
  • Accepted : 2011.03.22
  • Published : 2011.03.31


A simple and rapid method was developed for monitoring of Gram-positive bacteria in the wastewater treatment system. Culture suspensions of 4 Gram-positive and 4 Gram-negative strains were filtrated and stained with a polyethersulfone membrane filter and Toluidine Blue-O. To establish quantitative color image analysis, the intensity value of RGB (red-green-blue) color of a scanned filter image was analyzed with a photographic program. Red and green color values of Gram-positive bacteria were higher than those of Gram-negative bacteria. This method was applied to the activated sludge mixed with the Gram-positive bacteria. Although evaluation was difficult due to the irregular size and shape of flocs, the population of Gram-positive bacteria in the activated sludge could be monitored with floc dispersion technique. The more amounts of Gram-positive bacteria in the activated sludge led to the increase of red and green color values. This method provides a rapid and quantitative measurement of Gram-positive bacteria within the wastewater treatment systems.

폐수 처리 시스템의 그람 양성 세균을 간편하고 신속하게 모니터링할 수 있는 그람 염색 방법을 개발하였다. 각각 4종류의 그람 양성 세균과 음성 세균의 배양액을 polyethersulfone membrane filter와 Toluidine Blue-O로 여과 및 염색하였다. 염색된 여과막을 건조시키고 스캔하였으며, 영상 분석 프로그램을 이용하여 빨강색, 녹색, 파랑색의 강도를 측정하는 정량적 색상 이미지 분석법을 개발하였다. 그람 양성 세균의 경우 그람 음성 세균보다 빨간색과 초록색 수치가 높게 나타났다. 본 방법을 그람 양성 세균이 혼합된 활성슬러지에 적용한 결과, 활성슬러지의 경우 플록의 불규칙한 크기와 형태로 측정이 어렵다 할지라도 플록 분산 기술을 이용하여 활성슬러지의 그람 양성 세균의 변화를 모니터링 할 수 있었다. 활성슬러지에서도 그람 양성 세균의 비율이 높아질수록 빨간색과 초록색 수치가 증가하였다. 본 연구에서 개발된 방법은 폐수처리 시스템에 존재하는 그람 양성 세균을 신속하고 정량적으로 모니터링 할 수 있다.



Supported by : 충북대학교


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