Antioxidant and Antiatopic Effects of Refined Chaff Liquid Smoke

정제 왕겨초액의 항산화 및 항아토피 활성

  • Received : 2010.10.14
  • Accepted : 2011.02.18
  • Published : 2011.04.30


The refined chaff liquid smoke purified by the second or third filtering, supplemented with Artemisia extract or Perillae folium extract was investigated by measuring antioxidant and antiatopic activities. In DPPH and FRAP assays, three kinds of chaff liquid smokes had potential in antioxidant activity. Additionally, we assessed for antiatopic activity by using C57BLl6 mice with stimulation of dinitrofluorobenzene and observed that their ear swelling was alleviated by various fractions. Overall, all of the chaff liquid smoke reduced the response of swelling on ear epidermis. Especially, refined chaff liquid smoke supplemented with Perillae folium extract was most active than any other fractions.


chaff liquid smoke;Perillae folium;Artemisia;antioxidant;antiatopic


  1. Jeong CH, Shim KH (2002) Nitrite-scavenging and antioxdiant activities of wood vinegar. Korean J Food Preserv, 9, 351-355
  2. Kim SP, Nam SH (2009) Evalution and comparison of antioxidant activitys of nineteen commercial carbonated vinegar liquors. J. Appl Biol Chem, 52, 174-179
  3. Lee FZ, Lee BD, Eun JB (2006) Antimicrobial activity and oxidative stability of bamboo smoke distillate on soybean oil during storage. Korean J Food Sci Tech, 38, 816-822
  4. Kim YH, Kim SK, Kim KS, Lee YH (2001) Composition of constituents of commercial wood vinegar liquor in Korea. J Korean Soc Agric Chem Biotechnol, 44, 262-268
  5. Kim YD, Bae ON, Chung SM, Chung JH (2004) Improvement of Haemostasis mediated by anti-platelet activities by plant vinegar. J Toxicol Public Health, 20, 137-142
  6. Park C, Choi YH, Lee WH, Choi BT, Lee YT, Kim GC (2003) Up-regulaton of bax and down-regulation of Bcl-2 in oak smoke flavoring(holyessing)-induced apoptosis of human prostate carcinoma cells. Korean J Oriental Physiology & Pathology, 17, 85-90
  7. Ryu HY, Heo JC, Hwang JS, Kang SW, Yun CY, Lee SH, Sohn HY (2008) Screening of thrombin inhibitor and its DPPH radical scavenging activity from wild insects. J Life Sci, 18, 363-368
  8. Heo JC, Nam SH, Kang SW, Hong IP, Lee KK, Park JY, Kim KH, Han SY, Lee SH (2007) Comparison of antioxidant, anticancer and immunomodulating activities of extracts from DongChongXiaCao. Korean J Food Preserv, 14, 681-687
  9. Yanagisawa R, Takano H, Inoue K, Koike E, Sadakane K, Ichinose T (2008) Effects of maternal exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate during fetal and/or neonatal periods on atopic dermatitis in male offspring. Environ Health Perspect, 116, 1136-1141
  10. Rainsford KD (2005) The coxib controversies. Inflammopharmacology, 13, 331-341
  11. ung IS, Kim YJ, Gal SW, Choi YJ (2007) Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities and inhibition of nitric oxide synthesis of oak wood vinegar. J Life Sci, 17, 105-109
  12. Ikegami F, Sekine T, Fujii Y (1998) Anti-dermaptophyte activity of phenolic compounds in "mokusaku-eki". Yakugaku Zasshi, 118, 27-30
  13. Virk MS, Issenberg P (1986) Effects of phenol and 2,6-dimethyoxyphenol (syringol) on in vivo formation of N-nitrosomorpholine in rats. Carcinogenesis, 7, 867-870