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Effects of Supplementary Copper Sources (Cu Sulfate, Cu-Methionine, Cu-Soy Proteinate) on the Performance Broiler Chickens

구리 공급원들(Cu Sulfate, Cu-Methionine, Cu-Soy Proteinate)의 첨가가 육계의 생산성에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Mun-Ku (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Chan-Ho (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Shin, Dong-Hun (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Jung, Byoung-Yun (Department of Poultry Science, The University of Georgia) ;
  • Paik, In-Kee (Department of Animal Science and Technology, Chung-Ang University)
  • Received : 2011.04.18
  • Accepted : 2011.06.03
  • Published : 2011.06.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of Cu-sulfate, Cu-methionine chelate (Cu-Met) and Cu-soy proteinate (Cu-SP) on the performance, blood parameters and mineral contents of muscle. It was conducted with a total of 1,000 one d old broilers chickens (Ross$^{(R)}$) which were assigned to four dietary treatments; Control, Cu sulfate (200 ppm Cu as $CuSO_4{\cdot}5H_2O$), Cu-Met (200 ppm Cu as Cu-methionine chelate), Cu-SP (200 ppm Cu as Cu-soy proteinate). There were significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments in weight gain. Weight gain of Cu treated groups were higher than the control during 3~5 wk. There were significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments in feed intake during 0~3 wk. Cu-Met was significantly (p<0.05) lower than the control but the differences among Cu treatments were not significant. There were significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments in feed conversion rate (FCR). Cu treated groups were lower than the control during the whole period. Production efficiency factor (PEF) was significantly higher (p<0.01) in Cu treated groups than the control. Nutrient availabilities of diets were not significantly different among the treatments. The count of white blood cell (WBC) and eosinophil (EO) were lower in Cu-SP treatment than in the control. Copper concentration in the liver was significantly (p<0.01) higher in Cu treated groups than the control. Zinc concentration in the breast and wing muscle was lower in Cu treated and that of leg muscle was higher in Cu-Met than the control. The result of this experiment showed that Cu supplementation at the level of 200 ppm as Cu sulfate, Cu-Met and Cu-SP improves weight gain (4~5 wk), FCR and PEF. Differences among Cu sources were not significant.

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