- Volume 12 Issue 2
This paper examines the relationship between economic dependence and gender differences in housework in Korea. There are three explanatory alternatives for the relationship; economic rule of exchange, gender display perspective and deviant neutralization. We analysed both 2004 and 2009 time use survey data. The findings show the significant gender differences in time spent on housework that wives spend much more time on housework than husbands. However, among couples with non-normative gender roles, in some cases the more economically powerful wives spend more time on housework than breadwinner wives with weaker economic power, although such cases are rare. Rather, it is appropriate to conclude that, the more economically independent the wives, the less time they spend on housework; this is also the case for husbands. Overall, the Korean case shows what the economic exchange theory predicts. Thus, improvements in working wives' economic power will lead to gender equity in the division of housework.
division of household labor;economic dependence;gender;Korea;Time Use Survey
- Bergmann, B. (1986). The economic emergence of women. New York: Basic.
- Acker, J. (1988). Class, gender and the relations of distribution. Signs, 13, 473-497. https://doi.org/10.1086/494429
- An, M. Y. (2008). Time use and gender inequality in Korea: paid, unpaid and non-productive activities. Asian Women, 24(3), 1-24.
- Brines, J. (1994). Economic dependency, gender and the division of labor at home. American Journal of Sociology, 100(3), 652-688. https://doi.org/10.1086/230577
- Choi, J. H, So, S. H, Lee, D. H, & Noh, W. H. (2006). Pattern analysis of the aged using 2004 time use survey. Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, 8(2), 547-558. (in Korean)
- Cho, H. & Chang, P. W (1994). Gender division of labor. Seoul: Ehwa Womens University Press.
- Delphy, C. (1984). Close at home: a materialist analysis of women's oppression. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
- Fuchs, V. (1988). Women's quest for economic equality. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
- Gelb, J. & Lief Palley, M. (1994). Women of Japan and Korea: continuity and change. Temple University Press.
- Greenhalgh, S. (1985). Sexual stratification: the other side of growth with equity in East Asia. Population and Development Review, 11(2), 265-314. https://doi.org/10.2307/1973489
- Greenstein, T. N. (2000). Economic dependence, gender and the division of labor in the home: a replication and extension. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 322-335. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00322.x
- Hong, S. H. (1993). An analysis of housewives' time on household labor and leisure. Journal of Korean Home Management, 11(2), 55-68. (in Korean)
- Hong, H. S. & Park, S. K (1994). A study on married people's time use with early working time. Journal of Korean Home Economics, 32(2), 49-60. (in Korean)
- Kim, J. H (1993). Economic valuation of Korean housewives' household labor. Journal of Korean Home Economics, 31(4), 37-51 (in Korean)
- Moon, S. J. (1991). A study on perspective of household labor. Journal of Korean Home Management, 9(2), 285-302. (in Korean)
- Park, S.M (2007). A study on the gender gap in the Korean elderly women's time use. The Women's Studies, 72(1), 5-30. (in Korean)
- Smith, R. J. (1987). Gender inequality in contemporary Japan. Journal of Japanese Studies, 3(1), 1-25.
- Tversky, A. & Daniel, K. (1986). Rational choice and the framing of decisions. Journal of Business, 59, 251-278. https://doi.org/10.1086/296365
- Vogel, E. F (1970). Japan's new middle class: the salary man and his family in a Tokyo suburb. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea