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Brucellosis in sheep and goat of Bogra and Mymensingh districts of Bangladesh

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Hahsin, Md. Ferdous Ali (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Ahasan, Md. Shamim (Department of Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Her, Moon (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) ;
  • Kim, Jeong Yeong (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) ;
  • Kang, Sang Il (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries) ;
  • Jung, Suk Chan (OIE Reference Laboratory for Brucellosis, Animal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Agency, Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries)
  • Received : 2011.08.17
  • Accepted : 2011.11.01
  • Published : 2011.12.30

Abstract

Brucellosis is the most important bacterial disease of livestock in Bangladesh. The present study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in goat and sheep in Mymensingh and Bogra districts of Bangladesh using slow agglutination test and Rose Bengal test as screening test and indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay as confirmatory test. Questionnaire based data on age, gender, area, client's complaint, number of animals in herds, disease history, reproductive problems such as abnormal uterine discharge, abortion or previous abortion in sheep and goat and their reproductive diseases were recorded. A total of 200 sera samples were collected from 80 sheep and 120 goats. The prevalence of brucellosis in goat was 2.50% and 1.25% in sheep. Positive reactors were only detected in female of both goat and sheep. In this study, there existed a significant association among abortion and the prevalence of brucellosis (p < 0.01). The prevalence of brucellosis in sheep and goat in Bangladesh is not negligible, and it is therefore worth considering the adoption of preventive measures.

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