Reflection and Transmission Characteristics of Oblique-Incidence Ultrasonic Waves at Solid-Solid Contact Interfaces

고체-고체 접촉계면에서 경사입사 초음파의 반사·투과 특성 분석

  • Received : 2011.04.18
  • Accepted : 2011.05.18
  • Published : 2011.09.01


In order to evaluate the characteristics of solid-solid contact interfaces, reflection or transmission techniques involving normal-incidence longitudinal waves are generally used. However, these normal-incidence techniques are of limited use in field applications such as in the inspection of welded parts. The oblique-incidence ultrasonic technique may be an alternative for overcoming these problems. However, in this technique, the mode conversion at the contact interfaces should be taken into account along with the normal and tangential interface stiffness. In this study, we have suggested a theoretical model for obliqueincidence ultrasonic waves at the contact interfaces and analyzed their reflection and transmission characteristics. Experimental results showed that the measured reflection coefficient and second harmonic wave agreed well with the suggested theoretical model. Consequently, the oblique-incidence technique can be a promising method for evaluating the characteristics of the contact interfaces.


Contact Interfaces;Ultrasonic Reflection;Normal/Tangential Interfacial Stiffness;Oblique Incidence Ultrasonic wave


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