Study on Suitable Semen Additives Incorporation into the Extender Stored at Refrigerated Temperature

  • Bhakat, M. (Deptt. of LPM, DUVASU, Mathura) ;
  • Mohanty, T.K. (Artificial Breeding Complex, National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Raina, V.S. (Artificial Breeding Complex, National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Gupta, A.K. (Artificial Breeding Complex, National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Pankaj, P.K. (NRC., Pig, Gowhati) ;
  • Mahapatra, R.K. (IVRI, Izzatnagar) ;
  • Sarkar, M. (IVRI, Izzatnagar)
  • Received : 2010.07.03
  • Accepted : 2010.10.29
  • Published : 2011.10.01


The objective of this study was to compare the effect of Butylated Hydroxy Toluene (BHT), Pentoxifylline (PTX) and ${\alpha}$-tocopherol (Vit E) on semen quality parameters of Karan Fries bulls. The fortification of extender by various semen additives improves motility as well as fertility of spermatozoa. Split samples of 24 ejaculates of four Karan Fries bulls were extended in extender with or without various additives such as BHT, PTX and Vit E, and performance was evaluated at an interval of 0, 24, 48 and 72 h at refrigerated temperature (4-$7^{\circ}C$). Results of the present study revealed that addition of BHT, PTX and Vit E in extender improved sperm cell function, such as motility, viability, HOST, and acrosome integrity, as compared to the control during liquid storage up to 48 h of preservation at refrigerated temperature. There was no significant (p<0.05) difference between any of the additives up to 48 h of preservation. Overall, the results showed a significant (p<0.05) deterioration in motility after each storage interval. The results showed a significant deterioration in the acrosome integrity and plasma membrane integrity up to 48 h; subsequently, there was not much degradation of both the semen quality parameters. There was a significant increase in spermatozoal tail and total abnormality after each storage interval at refrigerator temperature (4 to $7^{\circ}C$); however, the head and mid-piece abnormalities were almost unaffected. Tail and total abnormality were least in extender fortified with BHT, PTX and Vit E at different hours of incubation as compared to the control. The addition of 1.5 mM BHT, 3.6 mM PTX and 1 mg/ml Vit E in the semen extender has more beneficial effect in terms of semen quality and preservability of spermatozoa.


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