- Volume 24 Issue 10
DOI QR Code
Quantified Analyses of Musk Deer Farming in China: A Tool for Sustainable Musk Production and Ex situ Conservation
- Meng, Xiuxiang (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China) ;
- Gong, Baocao (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China) ;
- Ma, Guang (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China) ;
- Xiang, Leilei (College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China)
- Received : 2011.04.21
- Accepted : 2011.06.22
- Published : 2011.10.01
Adult male musk deer (Moschus spp.) secrete musk, a widely used ingredient in traditional Asian medicine and the international perfume industry. Musk deer are endangered due to historic over-utilization of musk and habitat loss. Musk deer farming, provides an important way of conserving musk deer and ensuring a sustainable musk supply. For over 50 years musk deer farming has been conducted in China with the endangered Alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus) the predominant farmed musk deer species. To date, few studies have examined the musk production of captive musk deer. This study analyzed musk-extraction data collected from 1997 to 2009 at Xinglongshan Musk Deer Farm, Gansu, China. The musk-extraction ratio (MER) of captive male musk deer was 90.30% (n = 732), while the annual average musk extraction (AME) per animal was
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