The Advent of the 19th Century American Mechanical Engineers: A Reinterpretation

19세기 미국 기계 엔지니어 집단의 양성과정의 재해석

  • Lee, Kwan-Soo (Center for General Education. Dongguk University)
  • 이관수 (동국대학교 교양교육원)
  • Received : 2011.08.25
  • Accepted : 2011.09.24
  • Published : 2011.09.30


This paper suggests a reinterpretation on Calvert's thesis of the conflict between "shop culture" and "school culture". Robert H. Thurston, who Calvert portraited as the proponent of school culture, was a man from shop culture and the shop culuture's old boy network was essential for Thurston's many achievements as an engineer and educater. This reinterpretation based on the narrowing the scope of the American mechanical engineers in the 19th century into those who shared and inherited the social recognition as the leading machinists from the social upper strata machinist such as the Stevens via machine tool makers of the mid century.


Shop culture;School culture;Science and engineering;Mechanical engineers;ASME;The 19th Century America


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