- Volume 37 Issue 5
DOI QR Code
Relationship between Heavy Metal Concentrations in the Soil with the Blood and Urine of Residents around Abandoned Metal Mines
폐금속 광산지역 토양 중 중금속 농도와 주민의 혈액 및 요중 중금속 농도와의 관련성
- Jang, Bong-Ki (Department of Environmental Health Science, Soonchunhyang University) ;
- Park, Sang-Il (Department of Environmental Health Science, Soonchunhyang University) ;
- Kim, Nam-Soo (Institute of Environmental & Occupational Medicine, Soonchunhyang University) ;
- Jung, Kyung-Sick (Institute of Environmental & Occupational Medicine, Soonchunhyang University) ;
- Lee, Byung-Kook (Institute of Environmental & Occupational Medicine, Soonchunhyang University) ;
- Lee, Jong-Wha (Department of Environmental Health Science, Soonchunhyang University)
- 장봉기 (순천향대학교 환경보건학과) ;
- 박상일 (순천향대학교 환경보건학과) ;
- 김남수 (순천향대학교 환경산업의학연구소) ;
- 정경식 (순천향대학교 환경산업의학연구소) ;
- 이병국 (순천향대학교 환경산업의학연구소) ;
- 이종화 (순천향대학교 환경보건학과)
- Received : 2011.08.11
- Accepted : 2011.09.14
- Published : 2011.10.31
Objectives: This study was conducted in order to examine the relationship between heavy metal concentrations in the soil and the level of heavy metals in the blood or urine of 216 local residents living near abandoned metal mines. Methods: Residents around abandoned metal mines were interviewed about their dietary habits, including seafood consumption, medical history, cigarette smoking, and drug history. Metal concentrations in the soil were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AA-7000, Shimadzu, Japan). Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) contents in the blood or urine were analyzed by GF-AAS (AA-6800, Shimadzu). Mercury (Hg) contents in the blood were determined by means of a mercury analyzer (SP-3DS, NIC). Arsenic (As) content in the soil and urine were measured by a HG-AAS (hydride vapor generation-atomic absorption spectrophotometer). Results: The heavy metal concentrations in the soil showed a log normal distribution and the geometric means of the four villages were 8.61 mg/kg for Pb, 0.19 mg/kg for Cd, 1.81 mg/kg for As and 0.035 mg/kg for Hg. The heavy metal levels of the 216 local residents showed a regular distribution for Pb, Cd, Hg in the blood and As in the urine. The arithmetic means were 3.37
Heavy metals;Soil;Blood;Urine;Abandoned metal mines
Supported by : 국립환경과학원
- Lee CH, Jun KS, Won YS, Shin DG, Jeung JW, Park BS. Distributions of heavy metal concentraions around the Keumjung mine area. J Korean Soc Environ Eng. 1999; 21(10): 1945-1958.
- Kosung-gun. Health assessment of residents in the vicinity of abandoned mines in Kosung-gun. Seoul: Ministry of Environment; 2004.
- Park JA, Son SS, Yang WH, Yang JK, Uh SM, Jang BK, et al. New environmental health. Seoul: Dongwha Technology Press; 2008. p.140-148.
- Jung MC, Thornton I, Chon HT. Arsenic, Sb and Bi contamination of soils, plants, waters and sediments in the vicinity of the Dalsung Cu-W mine in Korea. Sci Total Environ. 2002; 295(1-3): 81-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00042-6
- Murgueytio AM, Evans RG, Roberts D, Moehr T. Prevalence of childhood lead poisoning in a lead mining area. J Environ Health. 1996; 58(10): 12-17
- Lynch RA, Malcoe LH, Skaggs VJ, Kegler MC. The relationship between residential lead exposures and elevated blood lead levels in a rural mining community. J Environ Health. 2000; 63(3): 9-15.
- Wcislo E, Ioven D, Kucharski R, Szdzuj J. Human health risk assessment case study: an abandoned metal smelter site in Poland. Chemosphere. 2002; 47: 507-515. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(01)00301-0
- Passariello B, Giuliano V, Quaresima S, Barbaro M, Caroli S, Forte G, et al. Evaluation of the environmental contamination at an abandoned mining site. Microchem J. 2002; 73: 245-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0026-265X(02)00069-3
- Aslibekian O, Moles R. Environmental risk assessment of metals contaminated soils at silver mines abandoned mine site, Co Tipperary, Ireland. Environ Geochem Health. 2003; 25(2): 247-266. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023251102402
- Coelho P, Silva S, Roma-Torres J, Costa C, Henriques A, Teixeira J, et al. Health impact of living near an abandoned mine-case study: Jales mines. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2007; 210(3-4): 399-402. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2007.01.004
- Chung JH, Kim CY, Lee KS, Hwang TY, Kim GT, Park JS, et al. Blood Pb, urine Cd and health assessment of residents in the vicinity of abandoned mines in Gyeongsangbuk-do. Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2005; 17(3): 225-237.
- Sakong J. Health risks associated with contamination of environment by abandoned mines. Yeungnam Univ J of Med. 2007; 24(2): 212-220
- Song SH, Eom SY, Kim YD, Kim H, Hong JS. Blood lead level in populations resident in some abandoned mine area. J Environ Sci. 2010; 19(4): 527-532. https://doi.org/10.5322/JES.2010.19.4.527
- Lee JW, Kwak SS, Hong SC, Park SI, Jang BK. Investigation and risk assessment of heavy metals contamination around an abandoned metal mine in Korea. J Environ Health Sci. 2010; 36(6): 456-464. https://doi.org/10.5668/JEHS.2010.36.6.456
- Kim HJ, Kim BG, Kim DS, Seo JW, Yu BC, Kim YW, et al. Blood and urinary cadmium concentration of residents around abandoned metal mines in Busan and Gyeongsangnam-do. Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2010; 22(1): 1-10.
- Kim SH, Cho YM, Choi SH, Kim HJ, Choi JW. The effect of exposure factors on the concentration of heavy metals in residents near abandoned metal mines. J Prev Med Public Health. 2011; 44(1): 41- 47. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2011.44.1.41
- Yoon YH. A study on the urinary Cd concentration of residents in the vicinity of an abandoned metal mine [dissertation]. [Seoul]: Seoul National University; 2007.
- Ministry of Environment. Soil measurement site and soil pollution survey. Seoul: Ministry of Environment; 2008.
- National Academy of Environmental Science. Research of toxic substance in biomarkers of residents in Korea. Seoul: Ministry of Environment; 2008.
- National Academy of Environmental Science. Research of toxic substance in biomarkers of residents in Korea. Seoul: Ministry of Environment; 2007.
- Lee JH, Lee US, Hong SC, Jang BK. A study on the optimal analytical method for the determination of urinary arsenic by hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry. J Environ Health Sci. 2009; 35(5): 402-410. https://doi.org/10.5668/JEHS.2009.35.5.402
- Chung Y, Yang JY, Lee H, Jang JY. Determination of blood lead levels in adolescents in Korea. Proceeding of Korean Soc Atmospheric Environ. 1998; p.136-137.
- Son DJ, Choi EM, Seo YS, Lee SM. Characterization of blood mercury levels in adults in Korea. Proceeding of the 47th Meeting of Korean Soc Atmospheric Environ. 2008; p.417-418.
- Lee WS, Kim DH. Mercury contents of scalp hair by consumption pattern of fishes, shellfishes and its products. J Preventive Med and Public Health. 1994; 27(1): 44-58.
- Lee HJ. The effect of food, nutrient intake status and blood heavy metal levels according to smoking status in adult men [dissertation]. [Seoul]: Ewha University; 2008.
- Lee SH, Kim HA, Park CY, Lee BK, Lee KM, Cho KS. Blood cadmium concentration in occupationally non-exposed Korean to cadmium. Korea J Occup Health. 1986; 25(4): 103-107.
- Yeon YY, Ahn KD, Lee BK. Blood and urine levels in non-exposed Korean to cadmium. Korea J Occup Med. 1992; 4(1): 70-80.
- dell'Omo M, Muzi G, Piccinini R, Gambelunghe A, Morucci P, Fiordi T, et al. Blood cadmium concentrations in the general population of Umbria, central Italy. Sci Total Environ. 1999; 226(1): 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(98)00373-8
- Kim HJ, Hong YS, Kim DS, Lee MJ, Ye BJ, Kim YW, et al. The levels of blood lead and cadmium in urban and rural population in Korea. J Life Sci. 2009; 19(4): 472-478. https://doi.org/10.5352/JLS.2009.19.4.472
- Forte G, Madeddu R, Tolu P, Asara Y, Marchal JA, Bocca B. Reference intervals for blood Cd and Pb in the general population of Sardinia (Italy). Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2011(2); 214: 102-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2010.09.006
- Kim NS, Lee BK. National estimates of blood lead, cadmium, and mercury levels in the Korean general adult population. Int Arch Occup Environ Hlth. 2011; 84(1): 53-63. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00420-010-0522-6
- Jeong HS, Lee DB, Cho YC. A study on the blood lead and cadmium concentration levels of rural residents. Res Rep Env Sci Tech Chungnam Univ Korea. 1991; 9: 61-73.
- Chang SS, Kyun YH, Bae JS, Roh YM, Han JG. Blood cadmium concentration according to exposure of smoking adolescence. J Korean Soc School Health. 2001; 14(2): 207-212.