Jurisprudence in the History of Statistics

통계학사 속에서의 법

  • Jo, Jae-Keun (Department of Informational Statistics, Kyungsung University)
  • 조재근 (경성대학교 정보통계학과)
  • Received : 20110700
  • Accepted : 20110800
  • Published : 2011.09.30


The role of jurisprudence is examined in the early history of probability and statistics. From the mid-17th to the early 18th century, Christiaan Huygens and Jacob Bernoulli used mathematical expectation to solve the problems that originated from games of chance. We demonstrate that their concept of expectation as a fair price for participating in a game came from the legal concept of 'fair trade'. In addition, we consider that the probability that Bernoulli defined in his Ars Conjectandi originated from the legal concept of 'degree of certainty'. After considering some contributions of Laplace and Poisson, we examined the history of census and statistical survey in the early 19th century. Contrary to the history of the 17th and 18th century, statistics influenced society and law in the 19th century.


Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단


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