A Study on the Phenomenological Characteristics of the St. Ignatius Chapel by Steven Holl

성 이냐시오 채플에 나타난 현상학적 건축특성에 관한 연구

  • 김준성 (건국대학교 건축전문대학원 건축설계학과) ;
  • 정태용 (건국대학교 건축전문대학원 건축설계학과)
  • Received : 2012.06.28
  • Accepted : 2012.08.10
  • Published : 2012.08.31


The aim of this study is to review phenomenological characteristics in Steven Holl's architecture through his design of St. Ignatius Chapel at Seattle University. To obtain this purpose, an analytical frame based on Holl's theory of phenomenological architecture is suggested to have a systematic study for St. Ignatius chapel. This chapel can be a good example of phenomenological architecture in that it is based on the concept of 'A Gathering of Different Lights' related to phenomenology and considered perception including multi sensory (as well as vision) as primary factors from site and program interpretation to spatial configuration. Unprecedented exterior of St. Ignatius chapel reflected on characteristics and function of rooms to magnify user's spatial experiences through inducing natural light and spatial effect. Holl used various openings and screen for natural light with colors to invoke religious inspiration. He also try to give spatial depth and multi foci for experiencing space through various ceiling forms. These phenomenological features originated in client's strong will as well as appropriateness of the function of facility's religious experiences through building to the purpose of phenomenological architecture.