A Study on Odor Emission Characteristics of Domestic Sewage Treatment Facilities Using Composite Odor Concentration and Hydrogen Sulfide Concentration

복합악취 농도와 황화수소 농도를 이용한 국내 하수처리시설의 악취발생 특성에 대한 연구

  • Received : 2012.08.21
  • Accepted : 2012.10.08
  • Published : 2012.11.30


Odor from sewage treatment plants have the potential to cause significant annoyance and to impact the amenity. In this study, odor emission characteristics at unit process of 48 sewage treatment facilities in 39 plants were evaluated using composite odor concentration and hydrogen sulfide ($H_2S$) concentration. The values of composite odor concentration (geometry mean) and $H_2S$ concentration (median) for sludge treatment processes are higher than those for the other treatment processes. The composite odor concentration and $H_2S$ concentration are distributed over a wide area in each process. Composite odor concentration (dilution ratio) was found to have the significant correlation with $H_2S$ concentration (p=0.000<0.05). The $H_2S$ concentration accounted for 67.1% of composite odor concentration.


Odor emission characteristics;Domestic sewage treatment facilities;Composite odor;$H_2S$


  1. Bart, E., 1992, Practical guidance for flux chamber measurements of fugitive volatile organic emission rates, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 42, 1583-1591.
  2. Choi, S. W., Ahn, S. Y., 2005, Introduction to odor pollution, DongHwa Technol. Publishing Co., 1-23.
  3. Chung, G. H., Kim, S. T., Park, M. S., Chung, J. H., 2004, A Survey on the odor emission characteristics in a sewage treatment plant, Korean J. Odor Research & Eng., 3(4), 225-233.
  4. Gostelow, P., Parsons, S. A., Lovell, M., 2004, Integrated odour modelling for sewage treatment works, Water Sci. Technol., 50(4), 169-176.
  5. Gostelow, P., Parsons, S. A., Stuetz, R. M., 2001, Odour measurements for sewage treatment works, Wat. Res., 35(3), 579-597.
  6. Holder, G. A., Vaughan, G., Drew, W., 1985, Kinetic studies of the microbiological conversion of sulfate to hydrogen sulfide and their relevance to sulfide generation within sewers, Water Sci. Technol., 17, 183-196.
  7. Hong, Z., Steve, E. L., Mark, O. B., Alan, F. V., Mae, S. G., 2002, Dynamic flux chamber measurement of gaseous mercury emission fluxes over soils: part 1-simulation of gaseous mercury emissions from soils using a two-resistance exchange interface model, Atmospheric Environment, 36(5), 835-846.
  8. Islam, A. K. M., Hanaki, K., Matsuo, T., 1998, Fate of dissolved odorous compounds in sewage treatment plants. Water Sci. Technol., 38, 337-344.
  9. Jung, B. J., Jang, Y. K., Lee, E. Y., Lee, H. Y., Hwang, H. W., Kim, K., 2006, Characteristics of odor and VOCs emitted in sewage water treatment plant, Korean J. Odor Research & Eng., 5(4), 245-251.
  10. Kienbusch, M., 1986, Measurement of gaseous emission rates from land surfaces using an emission isolation flux chamber, User's Guide: EPA-600/8-86/008.
  11. Korea Environment Corporation, 2011, Casebook of odor technology diagnosis, 11-23.
  12. Ministry of Environment, 2011, White paper on environment, 190-461.
  13. Ministry of Environment, 2012a, Offensive odor control law.
  14. Ministry of Environment, 2012b, Comprehensive plan for odor prevention, 3-44.
  15. National Institute of Environmental Research, 2007, Standard method of odor compounds.
  16. Paeng, J. I., Cho, S. J., Kim, H. M., 2005, Evaluation of odor character at wastewater treatment plant by olfactory method, J. Korea Soc. Environ. Admini., 11(2), 73-79.
  17. Park, S. J., 2003, A Study on odor concentration of malodorous gases emitted from sewage treatment plants using air dilution sensory test, Korean J. Odor Research & Eng., 2(1), 32-37.
  18. Park, G. H., Oh, G. Y., Lee, J. H., Jung, K. H., Jung, S. Y., 2005, Comparison of odor characteristics emitted from the 3 type of sewage treatment plant, Korean J. Odor Research & Eng., 4(4), 196-206.
  19. Smet, E., Lens, P., Langenhove, H., 1998, Treatment of waste gases contaminated with odorous sulfur compounds, Critical Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., 28, 89-117.
  20. USEPA, 1985, Design manual: Odor and corrosion control in sanitary sewage systems and treatment plants, EPA-625/1-85/018.
  21. Yang, Y., Allen, E. R., 1994, Biofilteration control of hydrogen sulfide 1. Design and operation parameter, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 44, 863-868.

Cited by

  1. Determination of volatile organic compounds and sulfur-based odorous substances from sewage treatment plants vol.17, pp.2, 2018,