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Genetic Differentiation of Chinese Indigenous Meat Goats Ascertained Using Microsatellite Information

  • Ling, Y.H. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhang, X.D. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Yao, N. (Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Ding, J.P. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Chen, H.Q. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhang, Z.J. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Zhang, Y.H. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Ren, C.H. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University) ;
  • Ma, Y.H. (Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Zhang, X.R. (College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University)
  • Received : 2011.08.31
  • Accepted : 2011.10.31
  • Published : 2012.02.01

Abstract

To investigate the genetic diversity of seven Chinese indigenous meat goat breeds (Tibet goat, Guizhou white goat, Shannan white goat, Yichang white goat, Matou goat, Changjiangsanjiaozhou white goat and Anhui white goat), explain their genetic relationship and assess their integrity and degree of admixture, 302 individuals from these breeds and 42 Boer goats introduced from Africa as reference samples were genotyped for 11 microsatellite markers. Results indicated that the genetic diversity of Chinese indigenous meat goats was rich. The mean heterozygosity and the mean allelic richness (AR) for the 8 goat breeds varied from 0.697 to 0.738 and 6.21 to 7.35, respectively. Structure analysis showed that Tibet goat breed was genetically distinct and was the first to separate and the other Chinese goats were then divided into two sub-clusters: Shannan white goat and Yichang white goat in one cluster; and Guizhou white goat, Matou goat, Changjiangsanjiaozhou white goat and Anhui white goat in the other cluster. This grouping pattern was further supported by clustering analysis and Principal component analysis. These results may provide a scientific basis for the characteristization, conservation and utilization of Chinese meat goats.

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