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국내 육성 포도 '두누리' 품종의 성숙 시기별 과실특성과 포도주 품질특성

Fruit and Wine Quality on Maturing Time of Korea New Grape Cultivar 'Doonuri'

  • Chang, Eun Ha (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Jeong, Sung Min (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Noh, Jung Ho (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Park, Kyo Sun (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Lim, Byung Sun (Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 투고 : 2012.09.24
  • 심사 : 2012.12.07
  • 발행 : 2012.12.30

초록

국내 포도주 가공용 육성 품종인 '두누리' 포도의 양조 가능성과 고품질의 포도주 양조를 위한 적정 성숙시기를 검토하고자 성숙 시기별 과실의 품질특성과 적정 성숙시기를 판단하는 여러 가지 지표를 검토하였고, 포도주 양조 후 전문가 관능평가를 통해 포도주 품질에 가장 적합한 성숙 시기를 구명하고자 하였다. '두누리' 포도의 과실특성을 조사한 결과 $^{\circ}Brix$ 당함량은 변색기 이후 급격히 증가하였고 성숙완료 시 17 $^{\circ}Brix$를 나타내었으며 과숙기에는 약 20 $^{\circ}Brix$까지 증가하였다. 산함량은 변색기 이루 급격히 감소하기 시작하여 성숙 완료 시 거의 0.66%까지 감소하였고 이후에도 서서히 감소하여 과숙기에는 0.51%까지 감소하였다. 총폴리페놀과 총안토시아닌 함량은 변색기 이후 급격히 증가하는 것으로 나타났다. 특히 산함량이 0.55% 정도 되었을 때 총안토시아닌 및 총폴리페놀의 함량이 최고에 도달하지만 포도가 과숙되면 오히려 함량이 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 총안토시아닌의 축적과 당, pH, 산함량, brix/acid 비율과의 상관관계를 살펴본 결과 0.87~0.95(p<0.05)의 양 또는 음의 높은 상관관계를 나타내었다. 포도의 적정 성숙시기를 판단하는 지표인 $brix{\times}pH^2$ 값과 brix/acid 비율을 적용해 본 결과 두 지표를 모두 만족시키는 성숙 시기는 산함량이 0.53~0.55 정도, 당함량이 17 $^{\circ}Brix$일 때였다. '두누리' 포도주의 성숙 시기별 품질특성을 조사한 결과 산함량은 성숙 시기가 늦을수록 감소하였고, 총안토시아닌, 탄닌 함량 및 포도주의 적색도와 색의 포화도를 나타내는 $a^*$$C^*$는 증가하다가 포도가 과숙될수록 함량이 오히려 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. '두누리' 포도주의 관능평가를 조사한 결과 산함량은 포도 성숙 후 가장 늦게 수확하여 제조한 포도주에서 가장 안정적인 산미를 나타낸다고 평가하였지만 색, 향기, 전체적인 조화에서는 포도주의 산함량이 0.60%(포도의 산함량으로 0.53~0.55%) 정도일 때 가장 좋은 품질을 나타낸다고 평가하였다. 따라서 '두누리' 포도주를 제조할 경우 포도의 산함량이 0.55% 정도 일 때 포도의 당함량, 색 및 폴리페놀의 함량은 최고에 도달하고, 기존의 성숙시기 판단 지표인 $brix{\times}pH^2$ 값과 brix/acid 비율을 만족시키는 것으로 나타났다.

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피인용 문헌

  1. Changes of volatile compounds in vitis labrusca ‘Doonuri’ grapes during stages of fruit development and in wine vol.56, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13580-015-0068-3
  2. Comparison of Quality Characteristics of ‘Cheonghyang’ Wine fermented with Different Commercial Yeasts vol.26, pp.6, 2016, https://doi.org/10.17495/easdl.2016.12.26.6.543