DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on the Interpretation of Modern Urban Structure and Urban Landscape of Iri(Iksan) in Connection with Railway

철도시설과 연계한 이리 도시구조와 도시경관의 근대성 해석

  • 이경찬 (원광대학교 도시공학과)
  • Received : 2012.10.15
  • Accepted : 2012.12.23
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

Modern railway construction by Japanese had a great influence on the urbanization, transformation of urban structure and landscape during the Japanese imperialism and compressive increasing period in Iri(Iksan). This paper aims to find out the effect of railway on the modern urban structure and urban landscape in Iri(Iksan). Railways in Iri, Honam railway, Kunsan railway, Jeonla railway have been constructed progressively during 1911 and 1915 with Iri and old Iri(east-Iri) station. From the analysis of land registration maps and street plans, old photographies and historical records, some significant features underling railway construction can be followed in view of modern urbanization process in Iri. Firstly railways cut off the possibility of developing urban structure based on traditional spatial structure of Iksan. Secondly railways made dual spatial structure in Iri. Japanese and Korean life zone were divided into separate district around urbanization area and market place. Thirdly traditional space cognition system based on four cardinal directions were changed to front and rear space of railway station. Fourthly railways and stations caused neo-baroque spatial order and imperialistic urban landscape of Iri with axis, vista and gridiron plan. Fifthly break points and fringe belts garbling modern urbanization process are created. Sixthly modern cultural and consumptive urban spaces were taken their seats in relation with daily urban life.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 원광대학교

References

  1. Gojong-Silrok(高宗實錄), Kyujanggak Institute
  2. General Situation of Jeollabukdo, 1927
  3. Gqebyuk1925, Dong-A Daily News, Kyunghyang Shinmun, Maeil Shinmun
  4. Situation of Iksan County, 1928
  5. Anderson, Benedict, (translated by) Yoon, Hyoung-Suk, Imagined Communities : Reflections on the Origin & Spread of Nationalism, Nanam publishing company, 2002
  6. Compilation Committee of Iksan Topography, History of Iksan County, 1981
  7. Compilation Committee of Iri History, History of Iri, Jeonbuk Printing Cooperative Union, 1989
  8. Cultural Institute of Iksan, Cultural Heritages of Modern Iksan, Wonkwang Corporation, 2010
  9. Cultural Institute of Iksan, Local History of IksanI, II, III, Wonkwang Corporation, 2005
  10. Grady Clay, Close-up-How to read the american city, The Univ. of Chicago Press; Chicago, 1980
  11. Hong, Sung-Chul, History of Yookwak(遊廓), Paperroad, 2007
  12. J.W.R Whitehand(Ed.), The Urban Landscape: Historical Development and Management, Academic Press, 1981
  13. Jellabukdo, White Paper of Iri Disaster Restoration, Korea Book Company, 1978
  14. Jeon, Chul-Hwan, The Dynamics of Economic Growth and Circulation of Crises in Korea, Jisik-Sanup Publishing Co. Ltd., 2002
  15. Karl Marx, (translated by) Kim, Soo-Hang, Das Kapital II, Bi-Bong Publishing Co. Ltd., 1989
  16. Kim, Jong-Hyun, Influence of Railway on Korean City Structure in the Early 20th Century, Journal of Railway, Vol.9, No.4, 2006
  17. Kim, Kwang-Duk, Construction of Kyungbu Railroad as a Invasive Tactics of Japanese Imperialism, Monthly Traffic, 2001. 6
  18. Kim, Kwang-Duk, Social Change with Construction of Kyungbu Railroad, Monthly Traffic, 2001. 6
  19. Kim, Kyung-Il, Modern Times & Modernity in Korea, Baeksanseodang Publishing Co.Ltd., 2003
  20. Korea Rail Network Authority, A Century's History of Railroad in Korea, Honggin CNP Company, 2005
  21. Lee, Byeong-Cheon, A Study on the Movement of the Construction of Ho-Nam Railroad in the Late Li-Dynasty, Review of Economic History 5, 1981
  22. Lee, Jae-Kwang, The Roads to Colony and Empire, Nanam Publishing Co. Ltd., 1998
  23. Lee, Jin-Kyung, The Nativity of Modern Time and Space, Prunsoop Publishing Co. Ltd., 2002
  24. Oh, Won-Chul, The Korea Story:President Park Jung-hee's Leadership and the Korean Industrial Revolution, Wisdomtree, 2009
  25. Park, Cheon-Hong, The Fascinating Dash, Crosscutting the Modern Age, Sancharam Book Press, 2003
  26. Utsugi Hatsusaburo(宇津木初三郞), Repository of Chosun, History of Jeollabukdo, Guidebook of Jeonbuk, Company of Jeonbuk Education & Industry, 1927
  27. Yamashita Eizi(山下英爾), Repository of Honam Guidebook of Iri, Ebisuya Shoten, 1915