DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Occupational Activities of Mother to Fetus, Newborn Infant, and Delivery Methode

산모의 직업활동이 태아, 신생아 및 분만방법에 미치는 영향

  • 최정현 (이즈맘산부인과 초음파실) ;
  • 장재선 (가천의과학대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김성철 (가천의과학대학교 방사선학과)
  • Received : 2011.08.01
  • Accepted : 2011.09.21
  • Published : 2012.01.28

Abstract

This study compared and analyzed fetus, newborn infant, and delivery methode of 141 women who received medical service from the first examination to the delivery in an obstetrics and gynecology specialized hospital located in Gwangmyeong, Gyeonggi-do from Jan. 2010 to Dec. 2010 and had a regular delivery after 37 weeks of pregnancy (73 non-employed and 68 employed women), depending on employment state of the subjects. The following are the results derived from the study. 1. The weight of the mothers after 37 weeks of pregnancy and the average gestational age was no statistical difference depending on the employment state. 2. In 37 weeks, the average fetal weight in the non-employed group was $2.90{\pm}0.27kg$ and the rate of small for gestational age infants was 2.75%. Meanwhile, the average fetal weight in the employed group was $2.76{\pm}0.28kg$ and the rate of small for gestational age infants was shown to be 10.3%. It is known that the fetal weight of the non-employed group was significantly higher for 37 weeks of pregnancy (p<0.05). 3. The newborn infant weight of the non-employed group was $3.42{\pm}0.43kg$ in average while that of the employed group was $3.18{\pm}0.35kg$. It is known that the newborn infant weight of the non-employed group was significantly higher (p<0.05). 4. In terms of delivery method, cesarean constituted 32.9% in the non-employed group while constituting 16.2% for the employed group. It is known that cesarean was shown to be significantly higher among the non-employed group (p<0.05).

Keywords

Fetus;New Born Infants;Delivery Method

References

  1. 가톨릭대학교 예방의학교실, 산업의학센터, " 산업보건학 제3판", 수문사, pp.107-111, 2003.
  2. 김상헌, 우병욱, 고석봉 , 이영기, 박윤기, 이승호, "산모의 직업적 활동성이 조기분만과 제체중아 분만에 미치는 영향", 대한산부인과학회지, 제36 권, 제8호, pp.3273-3280, 1993.
  3. A. M. Teitelman, L. S. Welch, K. G. Hellenbr, and M. B. Bracken, "Effect of maternal work activity on preterm birth and low birth weight," Am J Epidemiol, Vol.131, No.1, pp.104-113, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115463
  4. M. A. Klebanoff, P. H. Shiono, and J. C. Carey, "The effect of physical actvity during pregnancy on preterm delivery and birth weight," Am J Obstet Gynecol, Vol.163, No.5, pp.1450-1456, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(90)90604-6
  5. F. P. Hadlock, R. B. Harrist, R. S. Sharman, R. L. Deter, and S. K. Park, "Estimation of fetal weight with the use of head, body, and femur measurements - a prospective study," Am J Obstet Gynecol., Vol.151, No.3, pp.333-337, 1985. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(85)90298-4
  6. 보건복지부, 2005 년도 건강증진사업안내, pp.557, 2005.
  7. 허혁, 황지영, 김도균, 이형종, 심재철, 양회생, "35세 이상 고령산모의 임신과 출산에 대한 임상적 연구", 대한산부인과학회지, 제47권, 제3호, pp.458-463, 2004.
  8. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Technical Bulletin No. 179;Nutrition during pregnancy, Washington DC, 1993.
  9. 김병성, 정인배, 김영국, 박천식, 한상원, 차동수, "임신주수별 신생아 체중 분포 및 태아발육지연의 기준치 설정", 대한주산회지, 제6권, 제2호, pp.123-134, 1995.
  10. 고경심, 박혜영, 신광철, 하진완, 진건, 박충학, "임산부 체형특성과 만삭아 출생체중과의 관계", 대한산부인과학회지, 제42권, 제4호, pp.752-758, 1999.
  11. 문주영, 한원호, 심계식, 장지영, 배종우, "한국의 출산산모 연령분포 변화와 고령산모에서 저체중 출생아의 빈도", 대한주산회지, 제22권, 제1호, pp.30-36, 2011.
  12. L. A. Schieve, M. E. Coqswell, K. S. Scanlon, G. Perry, C. Ferre, C. Blackmore-Prince, and S. M. Yu, "Rosenberg D, Pre-pregnancy body mass index and pregnancy weight gain : Association with preterm delivery," Obstet Gynecol., Vol.96, No.2, pp.194-200, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0029-7844(00)00883-8
  13. M. E. Cogswell, M. K. Serdula, D. W. Hungerford, and R. Yip, "Gestational weight gain among average-weight and overweight women-what is excessive?," Am. J. Obstet Gynecol., Vol.172, No.2, pp.705-712, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(95)90598-7
  14. R. E. Scammon and L. A. Calkins, "The development and growth of the external dimensions of the human body in the fetal period," University minesota press, p.116, 1929.
  15. H. E. Thompson, J. H. Holmes, K. R. Gottesfeld, and E. S. Taylor, "Fetal development as determined by ultrasonic pulse echo techniques," Am J Obstet. Gynecol, Vol.92, No.1, pp.44-52, 1965. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9378(65)90103-1
  16. S. Campbell, "An improved method of fetal cephalometry by ultrasound," J Obstet Gynecol, Vol.75, No.5, pp.568-576, 1968.
  17. 신용덕, 이태용, 이영수, 이동배, "모성직업활동이 조산과 저체중출생 및 자연유산에 미치는 영향", 대한산업의학회지, 제6권, 제1호, pp.69-84, 1994.
  18. M. C. Marbury, S. Linn, R. R. Monson, D. H. Wegman, S. C. Schoenbaum, P. G. Stbblefield, and K. J. Ryan, "Work and pregnancy," J Occup Med., Vol.26, No.6, pp.415-421, 1984. https://doi.org/10.1097/00043764-198406000-00013
  19. 윤혜진, 호정규, 조수현, 김경태, 문형, "산모의 신체적 특성변화와 신생아 체중의 상관관계:1989년과 1999년의 비교", 대한산부회지, 제47권, 제1호, pp.146-152, 2004.
  20. 김건우, 전종관, "한국여성에서 체질량지수가 제왕절개분만에 미치는 영향", 대한산부인과학회지, 제49권, 제10호, pp.2104-2111, 2006.
  21. 김현진, " 취업모와 비 취업모의 산후 우울", 이화여자대학교 대학원 석사논문, 2007.

Cited by

  1. Low Fertility Era and Maternal Health Promotion vol.14, pp.6, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5392/JKCA.2014.14.06.162