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흑미 미강 쿠키의 항산화활성 및 품질특성

Antioxidant Activity and Quality Characteristics of Black Rice Bran Cookies

  • 주신윤 (숙명여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최해연 (공주대학교 교육대학원 가정교육)
  • Joo, Shin-Youn (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University) ;
  • Choi, Hae-Yeon (Home Economics Education, Graduate School of Education, Kongju National University)
  • 투고 : 2011.12.06
  • 심사 : 2012.01.02
  • 발행 : 2012.02.29

초록

본 연구에서는 흑미 미강 분말을 첨가(0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9%)한 쿠키를 제조하여 쿠키의 항산화 활성을 입증하고 품질특성을 측정하였다. 흑미 미강 분말의 총 페놀화합물 함량은 $11.81{\pm}0.03$ mg GAE/g이며, 이를 쿠키에 첨가한 경우 시료의 첨가량에 비례하여 증가하였다. 제조된 쿠키의 DPPH radical 소거능을 측정한 결과 흑미 미강 분말의 첨가량에 따라 항산화 활성도 유의적으로 증가하는 결과를 나타내었다. 항산화 활성의 기능성과 함께 제품의 적합성 판단을 위해 흑미 미강 분말과 쿠키의 품질평가를 실시하였다. 일반성분 분석의 결과 흑미 미강에는 섬유소와 지방의 성분이 많은 부분을 차지하고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 지방산의 분석에서 흑미 미강은 약 80%의 불포화지방산을 함유하고 있었으며 그 성분은 주로 oleic acid와 linoleic acid로 나타났다. 또한 아미노산의 분석에서 대조군에 비해 7% 첨가 쿠키가 높은 아미노산 함량을 나타내었다. 반죽의 밀도는 흑미 미강 첨가량이 증가할수록 높게 나타났고 pH는 감소하였다. 쿠키의 수분함량에는 유의적 차이가 나지 않았으며, 퍼짐성 지수는 흑미 미강 분말의 첨가량이 많아질수록 증가하였고, 손실율과 팽창률은 감소하였다. 쿠키의 색도는 흑미 미강 분말의 첨가량이 증가할수록 L값과 b값이 낮아지고, a값이 높아졌으며, 경도는 감소하는 경향을 나타내었다. 쿠키의 기호도 검사(전반적인 기호도, 외관, 향, 맛, 조직감)에서 5%와 7% 흑미 미강 쿠키가 유의적으로 높게 나타났다. 특성 강도 검사(흑미 미강 향, 고소한 맛, 부드러운 정도, 삼킨 후의 느낌)에서는 흑미 미강을 첨가한 쿠키에서 유의적으로 높은 강도를 보였으며, 느끼한 향은 대조군이 유의적으로 가장 강하다는 결과를 얻었다. 이러한 결과로 보아 쿠키에 흑미 미강분말을 첨가하는 것은 쿠키의 기호도를 증가시켜주고 동시에 총 페놀함량과 DPPH 라디칼 소거능을 높여주어 쿠키의 가치를 높일 수 있어 바람직할 것으로 사료되며, 쿠키 제조시 기호도가 가장 높고 항산화능이 좋았던 7% 흑미 미강 분말을 첨가하는 것이 적합할 것으로 생각된다.

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