Effect of Organizational Structure Variable on Social Welfare's dual commitment to Organization and Career by Parallel Model

평행모델을 이용한 조직구조화 변인의 사회복지 조직과 경력에 대한 이중몰입 효과

  • 강종수 (강원대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2012.01.11
  • Accepted : 2012.02.03
  • Published : 2012.02.28


Prior research has shown empirically that organizational and career commitment may also be highly compatible with each other. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of social welfare's organizational structure variable on the dual commitment to the organization and career. Dual commitment is analyzed by using multiple regression analysis of parallel model. For the research, organizational structure was consisted of complexity, formalization and decentralization. The results showed that social worker have high correlation to organizational commitment and career commitment. Especially, decentralization and complexity have a positive effects on the dual commitment to organizational and career commitment. This study finally discusses theoretical implications for future study and practical implications for structure design strategies on the results.


  1. 김교성, 김종건, 안현미, 김성욱, "우리나라 사회 복지 자원총량 추계에 관한 연구", 한국사회복지학, 제59권, 제4호, pp.319-346, 2007.
  2. 보건복지부, 2010년도 사회복지시설 관리안내, 보건복지부, 2010.
  3. 한국사회복지사협회 정책조사팀, 한국사회복지근로환경백서, 한국사회복지사협회, 2007.
  4. 장원섭, 인적자원관리론, 학지사: Gilley, J. S. Eggland and A. Gilley, Principles of Human Resourse Development, 2002.
  5. 이수광, 최우성, "호텔종사원의 경력특성이 경력 몰입과 고객지향성에 미치는 영향", 경영학연구, 제35권, 제2집, pp.557-577, 2006.
  6. N. Aranya and K. R. Ferris, "A Reexamination of Accountants' Organizational-Profession Conflict," The Accounting Review, Vol.59, pp.1-14, 1984.
  7. H. L. Angle and J. L. Perry, "Dual Commitment and Labor-Management Relationship Climates," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.29, No.1, pp.31-50, 1986.
  8. A. Cohen, "The Relationship between Commitment Forms and Work Outcomes : A Comparison of three models," Human Relations Vol.53, No.3, pp.387-417, 2000.
  9. T. Hoff, "Exploring Dual Commitment among Physician Executive in Management Care," Journal of Healthcare Management, Vol.46, No.2, pp.91-108, 2001.
  10. P. A. Bamberger, A. N. Kluger, and R. Suchard, "the Antecedents and Consequence of Union Commitment: A Meta-analysis," Academy of Management Journal, Vol.42, No.3, pp.304-318, 1999.
  11. D. E. Guest and P. Dewe, "Company or Trade Union: Which wins Worker's Allegiance? A Study of Commitment in the UK Electronic Industry," British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol.29, pp.75-96, 1991.
  12. J. E. Martin, "Predictor of Individual Propensity to Strike," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol.39, pp.214-227, 1986.
  13. 정재명, "지방공무원의 인사공정성 인식이 노조 몰입에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증적 연구: 신뢰의 매개효과를 중심으로", 한국사회와 행정연구, 제 21권, 제4호, pp.119-147, 2011.
  14. C. V. Fukami and E. W. Larson, "Commitment to Company and Union: Parallel Models," Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol.69, pp.367-371, 1984.
  15. J. Child, "Organizational Structure and Strategies of Control: A Replication of the Aston Group," Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol.17, No.1, pp.163-177, 1972.
  16. D. R. Dalton, W. D. Todor. M. J. Spendolinl., G. J. Fielding, and L. W. Porter, "Organization Structure and Performance: A Critical Review," Academy of Management Review, Vol.5, pp.220-243, 1980.
  17. 강경석, 이봉우, "학교조직의 전문화․조직구조 특성․조직효과성간의 인과관계", 교육행정학연구, 제16권, 제3호, pp.127-148, 1998.
  18. G. R. Oldham and J. R. Hackman, "Relationships Between Organizational Structure and Employee Reaction : Comparing Alternative Frameworks," Administrative Science Quaterly, Vol.26, pp.66-83, 1975.
  19. S. P. Robinson, Organization Theory : Structure, Design, and Applications, Englewood Cliffs, NJ : Prentice-Hall, 1987.
  20. D. O. Kaldenberg, B. W. Becker, and A. Zvonkovi, "Work and Commitment Among Young Professionals : A Study of Male and Female Dentists," Human Relations, Vol.48, No.11, pp.1355-1377, 1995.
  21. R. C. Mowday, R. M. Steers, and L. W. Porter, "The Measurement of Organizational Commitment," Journal of Vacational Behavior, Vol.14, pp.224-247, 1979.
  22. D. T. Hall, "A Theoretical Model of Career Subidentity Development in Organizational Settings," Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol.6, pp.50-76, 1971.
  23. S. M. Colarelli and R. C. Bishop, "Career Commitment: Functions, Correlates, and Management," Group & Organizational Studies, Vol.15, pp.158-176, 1990.
  24. G, J. Blau, "Further Exploring the Meaning and Measurement of Career Commitment," Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol.32, pp.284-297, 1988.
  25. M. E. Gordon and R. T. Ladd, "Dual Allegiance: Renewal, Reconsideration, and Recantation," Personnel Psychology, Vol.43, pp.37-69, 1990.
  26. Y. Jeong, Determinants of Employee's Multiple Commitment to the Company and Union in Canada and Sweden: Parallel Models. Unpublished Doctorial Dissertation. University of Iowa, 1990.
  27. 김민주, "외식산업 종사자들의 이중몰입에 관한 연구", 외식경영연구, 제11권, 제4호, pp.311-334, 2008.
  28. R. H. Hall, Organization : Structure and Process, New Jersey : Prentice-Hall, 1982.
  29. 원구환, "복잡성, 공식화, 분권화의 조직구조화 변수간 상관성 분석-우정사업본부를 중심으로", 한국행정연구, 제13권, 제1호, pp.118-137, 2004.
  30. N. J. Allen and J. P. Meyer, "The Measurement of Antecedents of Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization," Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol.63, pp.1-18, 1990.
  31. 강종수, "사회복지사의 다중몰입(multiple commitment)에 관한 연구: 조직특성과 조직효과 성의 관계를 중심으로", 부산대학교 박사학위논문, 2007.
  32. 권지성, "사회복지조직에서 팀제 조직구조 적용에 관한 사례연구: B 종합사회복지관을 중심으로," 사회복지연구, 제26집, pp.35-65, 2005.
  33. 김소정, "일선종사자의 전문직 자율성, 자기효능감, 집권화에 관한 연구", 사회복지연구, 제34집, pp.157-179, 2007.