DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

A Study on the Correlation between Middle School Students' Eating Disorder Behavior and Scholastic Adjustment

중학생의 섭식장애행동과 학업적응도의 관계 연구

  • Yoo, Joo-Yeon (Department of Foodservice & Culinary Management, Graduate School of Kyonggi University) ;
  • Jin, Yang-Ho (Department of Foodservice & Culinary Management, Graduate School of Kyonggi University) ;
  • Bae, Se-Jeong (Department of Foodservice & Culinary Management, Graduate School of Kyonggi University)
  • 유주연 (경기대학교 대학원 외식조리관리학과) ;
  • 진양호 (경기대학교 대학원 외식조리관리학과) ;
  • 배세정 (경기대학교 대학원 외식조리관리학과)
  • Received : 2012.12.04
  • Accepted : 2012.12.26
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to verify the difference of middle school students' eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment according to the gender and weight group and evaluate correlations between their eating disorder behavior and scholastic adjustment. A survey was conducted in middle school second graders attending five schools located in Seoul. Results from 355 questionnaire sheets were utilized for statistical analysis, and the results were gained as below: With regard to eating disorder behavior by gender, female students showed more eating disorder behavior than male students (p < 0.01); however, scholastic adjustment did not indicate significant differences by gender. According to the result of analyzing scholastic adjustment according to the weight group, the obese group showed lower scholastic adjustment (p < 0.05) and adjustment to studying (p < 0.01) than other groups; however, the eating disorder behavior, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. According to the results of analyzing scholastic adjustment by eating disorder group, the normal group showed higher adjustment to studying than the risky group (p < 0.01). And scholastic adjustment, attachment to school, and adjustment to school did not indicate significant differences. The eating disorder behavior showed negative relationship with adjustment to studying. They showed more eating disorder behavior, their adjustment to studying became lower. Therefore, it is necessary to provide nutritional education at home and at school for them to have appropriate dietary habits as well as health education for them to maintain normal weight.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Kyonggi University

References

  1. Bae JH, Choi JY (1997): A study on psychological characteristics of eating disorders: A comparision with restrained, unrestrained (normal) eaters, and overweighters. Korean J Clin Psychol 16(2): 209-217
  2. Cho MB (2008): A study on the effects of eating behaviors and personality characteristics on Academic adaptation for higher grade elementary school students in certain regions of Busan. MS thesis, Kosin University, pp.42-43
  3. Choe JS, Chun HK, Chung GJ, Nam HJ (2003): Relations between the dietary habit and academic achievement, subjective health judgement, physical status of high school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 32(4): 627-635
  4. Choi JH, Ahn DH, Nam JH, Cho YG, Choi BY (1998): Reliability testing of eating attitude test for Korean adolescents. Korean J Child Adol Pshchiatr 9(1): 91-97
  5. Choi MK, Kim MH, Lee YS, Cho HK, Kim KH, Lee BB, Sung MK, Sung CJ (2005): Relation between obesity indices and, nutritional knowledge, nutritional status and blood parameters in obese middle-school students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 34(2): 181-189
  6. Garner DM, Olmsted MP, Bour Y, Garfinkel PE (1982). The eating attitudes test : Psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychol Med 12: 871-878
  7. Ha JS, Lee HG (1995): Effect of middle-school studentsí food behavior on health condition and degree of study accomplishment. Intern J Human Ecology 33(3): 225-242
  8. Hancox RJ, Milne BJ, Poulton R (2004): Association between child and adolescent television viewing and adult health: a longitudinal birth cohort study. Lancet 364(9430): 257-262
  9. Kang MH, Choue RW (2010): Relationships of body image, body stress and eating attitude, and dietary quality in middle school girls based on their BMI. Korean J Nutr 43(3): 285-293
  10. Kim HH, Ro HK (2009): A study on middle school students of Gwangu.Chonnam in terms of dietary life, dietary relates selfefficacy according to body mass index. Korean J Community Nutr 14(5): 483-494
  11. Kim JH (2002): Study on the physique status and eating disorder behavior among high school students in Daejeon. J Korean Home Econ Educ Assoc 16(3): 115-129
  12. Kim KH, Yang KM (2008): The relationship between eating disorders and parent-adolescent communication in middle school students in rural areas. J Korean Acad Nurs 38(1): 55-63
  13. Kim SA, Lee BH (2008): Relationships between the nutrient intake status, dietary habits, academic stress and academic achievement in the elementary school children in Bucheon-si. Korean J Nutr 41(8): 786-796
  14. Kim SH (1999): Childrenís growth and school performance in relation to breakfast. J Korean Diet Assoc 5(2): 215-224
  15. Kim SN (1994): A causal analysis among variables related to juvenile delinquency. Dissertation, Chonnam National University, pp.30-128
  16. Kwak SR (2008): The adolescents' school adjustments to academic performances: a longitudinal study. Korean J Soc Educ 18(1): 1- 20
  17. Lee HY, Kim HW (2011): Current status and explanatory variables of eating problem among female middle school students. Korean J Youth Stud 18(5): 413-433.
  18. Lee JE, Cho MH (2007): Impact of family, shool and neighborhood factors on youth school adjustment. Stud Korean Youth 18(3): 79-102
  19. Rierdan J, Koff E (1997): Weight, weight-related aspects of body image, and depression in early adolescent girls. Adolescence 32(127): 615-624
  20. Sung MH (2004): Relationship between eating disorders physical symptoms, depression and health locus of control among elementary school girls in South Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs 34(3): 576-585
  21. WHO Western Pacific Region (2000): The Asia-Pacific perspective: redefining obesity and its treatment
  22. Yim KS (2010): Effects of obesity, body image dissatisfaction and dietary habits on the risk of disturbed eating attitudes among high school students in Gyunggi province, Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 15(5): 656-669