- Volume 28 Issue 3
DOI QR Code
Monitoring of Deforestation Rate and Trend in Sabah between 1990 and 2008 Using Multitemporal Landsat Data
- Osman, Razis ;
- Phua, Mui-How ;
- Ling, Zia Yiing ;
- Kamlun, Kamlisa Uni
- Received : 2012.06.14
- Accepted : 2012.08.10
- Published : 2012.08.31
Deforestation is a major and very critical problem faced by many tropical countries including Malaysia. Sabah is the second largest state in Malaysia and its deforestation rate has been accelerating. This study was conducted to monitor the deforestation in Sabah in the last two decades with Landsat images of 1990, 2000 and 2008. Supervised classification with maximum likelihood algorithm was conducted using the Landsat data for monitoring deforestation. In total, between 1990 and 2008, Sabah lost half of its intact forest, or more than 1.85 million ha in less than two decades. Overall, the deforestation rate for all forest types combined for the last two decades was 1.6% per year. Deforestation seemed to be accelerating because the deforestation rate between 1990 and 2000 was 0.9% per year and it had increased to 2.7% per year between 2000 and 2008. The deforestation trend seemed to follow a negative exponential from 1990 to 2008. In contrast, the agricultural areas increased rapidly with a total of increment more than 1 million ha. This confirmed that agriculture especially establishment of commercial plantation was the major factor of deforestation in Sabah for the last two decades.
Sabah;deforestation rate;deforestation trend;Landsat
- Achard F, Eva HD, Mayaux P, Stibig HJ, Belward A. 2004. Improved estimates of net carbon emissions from land cover change in the tropics for the 1990s. Glob Biogeo Cyc 18: 1-11.
- Laurance WF, Peres CA. 2006. Emerging Threats to Tropical. Forests. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
- Brookfield H, Potter L, Byron Y. 1995. In Place of the Forest: Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula. United Nations University, Tokyo.
- Brown S, Hall M, Andrasko K, Ruiz F, Marzoli W, Guerrero G, Masera O, Dushku A, DeJong B, Cornell J. 2007. Baselines for land-use change in the tropics: application to avoided deforestation projects. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 12: 1001-1026. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11027-006-9062-5
- Coutts A. 2006. Deforestation of Malaysia: History, Causes and Consequences. Comparative Societies 1: 1-13.
- DeFries R, Achard F, Brown S, Herold M, Murdiyarso D, Schlamadinger B, de Souza Jr C. 2007. Earthobservations for estimatinggreenhousegasemissions from deforestation in developingcountries. Environmental Science & Policy 10: 385-394. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2007.01.010
- DeFries RS, Houghton RA, Hansen MC, Field CB, Skole D, Townshend J. 2002. Carbon emissions from tropical deforestation and regrowth based on satellite observations for the 1980s and 1990s. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 14256-14261. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.182560099
- Fearnside PM. 2000. Global warming and tropical land-use change: greenhouse gas emissions from biomass burning, decomposition and soils in forest conversion, shifting cultivation and secondary vegetation. Climatic Change 46: 115-158. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005569915357
- Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 2011. State of the World's Forests, Rome.
- Geist HJ, Lambin EF. 2002. Proximate causes and underlying driving forces of tropical deforestation. Bioscience 52: 143-150. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2002)052[0143:PCAUDF]2.0.CO;2
- Karjalainen T, Richards G, Hernandez T, Kainja S, Lawson G, Liu S, Prisley S. 2003. IPCC Report on Definitions and Methodological Options to Inventory Emissions from Direct Human-Induced Degradation of Forests and Devegetation of Other Vegetation Types. IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme (IPCC-NGGIP).
- Kim DH, Nor DK, Jeong JH, Kim SH, Chung DJ. 2008. Forest resources of the Korea based on national forest inventory data. J For Sci 24: 159-164.
- Langner A, Miettinen J, Siegert F. 2007. Land cover change 2002-2005 in Borneo and the role of fire derived from MODIS imagery, Glob. Change Biol 13: 2329-2340. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01442.x
- Laurance WF, Cochrane MA, Bergen S, Fearnside PM, Delamonica P, Barber C, D'Angelo S, Fernandes T. 2001. Environment. The future of the Brazilian Amazon. Science 291: 438-439. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.291.5503.438
- Lunetta RS. 1999. Applications, Project Formulation, and Analytical Approach. In: Remote Sensing Change Detection: Environmental Monitoring Methods and Applications (Lunetta RS, Elvidge CD, eds). Taylor and Francis Press, London, pp 1-19.
- MacKinnon K, Hatta G, Halim H, Mangalik A. 1996. The Ecology of Kalimantan. The Ecology of Indonesia series Vol. III. Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd.
- Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB). 2008. Malaysian Oil Palm Statistics 2007. http://econ.mpob.gov.my. Accessed 16 Mar 2012.
- Malaysian Rubber Board. 2005. Daily rubber price (2000-current data). http://www3.lgm.gov.my. Accessed 16 Mar 2012.
- Mayaux P, Holmgren P, Achard F, Eva H, Stibig HJ, 2005. Branthomme A. Tropical forest cover change in the 1990s and options for future monitoring. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 360: 373-384. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2004.1590
- McMorrow J, Talip MA. 2001. Decline of forest area in Sabah, Malaysia: Relationship to state policies, land code and land capability. Global Environ Change 11: 217-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-3780(00)00059-5
- Phua MH, Tsuyuki S, Lee JS, Ghani M. 2012. Simultaneous detection of burned areas of multiple fires in the tropics using multisensor remote-sensing data. International J Rem Sens 33: 4312-4333. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2011.643460
- Phua MH, Tsuyuki S, Sasakawa H, Lee JS. 2007. Detection of burned peat swamp forest in a heterogeneous tropical landscape: A case study of Klias Peninsular, Sabah, Malaysia. Landsc Urb Plann 82: 103-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.01.021
- Sabah Forestry Department. 2007. Geography of Sabah-Resources. http://www.forest.sabah.gov.my. Accessed 16 Mar 2012.
- Santilli M, Moutinho P, Schwartzman S, Nepstad D, Curran L, Nobre C. 2005. Tropical deforestation and the Kyoto Protocol: An editorial essay. Climatic Change 71: 267-276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-8074-6
- Sayer JA, Whitmore TC. 1991. Tropical Moist Forests: Destruction and Species Extinction. Biol Conserv 55: 199-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(91)90056-F
- Tsuyuki S, Goh MH, Teo S, Kamlisa UK, Phua MH. 2011. Monitoring Deforestation in Sarawak, Malaysia using Multitemporal Landsat Data. Kanto For Res J 62: 87-90.
- Estimating aboveground carbon density and its uncertainty in Borneo's structurally complex tropical forests using airborne laser scanning vol.15, pp.12, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-3811-2018