Osseointegration of Ceramics & Zirconia : A Review of Literature

세라믹과 지르코니아의 골유착에 관한 고찰

  • Song, Young-Gyun (Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Dankook University)
  • 송영균 (단국대학교 치과대학 치과보철학 교실)
  • Received : 2012.05.15
  • Accepted : 2012.09.25
  • Published : 2012.09.30

Abstract

For many years, ceramics have been used in fixed prosthodontics for achieving optimal esthetics. but, they have another use as well. Many studies today show ceramics can be used for biomaterials. In the beginning researchers made a start in the study of aluminium oxide and sapphire for biomaterial. The appearance of Zirconia began a new phase of research. Zirconia was introduced into implantology as an alternative to titanium, because of its white color, good mechanical properties and superior biocompatibility. But it is not easy to surface treatment in comparison with titanium. To overcome the limitation, interconnected porous bodies of zirconia were fabricated by sintering technique. And the technique of coating was developed. Therefore, some zirconia implants are currently available. It is thought that Research of biomaterials as a variety of puposes for the use of zirconia is looking very promising. The purpose of this paper reviews are to evaluation of zirconia as biomaterials.

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