- Volume 32 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
An Analysis in Visitors' Attentions on Exhibit Panels of a Tesla Coil in the Gwacheon National Science Museum
국립과천과학관의 테슬라코일 전시물 설명판에 대한 관람객의 주목도 분석
- Lee, Il (Seoul National University) ;
- Yoo, Jun-Hee (Seoul National University) ;
- Chung, Kwang-Hoon (Gwacheon National Science Museum)
- Received : 2011.07.27
- Accepted : 2012.01.12
- Published : 2012.02.29
The purpose of this research is to explore factors which influence visitors' attention on exhibition panels by analyzing visitors' attention according to topic types and visitor group types. The subjects of this research are exhibition panels of a Tesla Coil exhibition in the Gwacheon National Science Museum. The exhibition panels' topic are basic concepts, explanations of phenomena, operating principles, applications and historical background. These topics are selected through a survey of visitors' intellectual needs for a Tesla Coil. Five new exhibition panels according to the topics are developed and visitor groups' behaviors in front of the panels are recoded in natural situations. The total participant groups are 586 groups, which includes individual student (30.0%), individual adult (20.6%), student group (28.2%), adult group(2.4%), and family group (18.8%). Visitors' attention to exhibition panels is sub-categorized into attracting power and holding power. Attracting power is defined by the percentile of group numbers who attend to an exhibition panel more than 3 seconds to the total group numbers who attend to an exhibition panel for more than a glance. Holding power is defined by average attention time and decay time. The attracting powers of historical background and application panels are 72.3% and 68.8% respectively, while that of the basic concept panel is 47%. Average attention times of explanation of phenomena and operating principle are 37.0 and 34.2 seconds, while those of historical background and application panels are 25.4 seconds. The decay times of each panel shows the same patterns of average attention times. Attracting powers of panels easy to approach and holding powers of panels with in-depth scientific concepts seems to be high. Attracting powers of the individual adult, family, and student group are 66.9%, 66.4% and 62.4% respectively, while the attracting power of the adult group and individual student are 57.1%, and 55.7%. Average attention times of the student group, family, adult groups are 34.0, 33.0, 31.6 seconds respectively, while that of individual student is 19.5 seconds. The decay times of each group shows the same patterns of average attention times. Both of attracting powers and average attention times of the student group and family group are high, while both of individual student are low. Tentatively, attracting powers of exhibition panels seems to be influenced more by topic types of panels, and holding power seems to be influenced more by group type. But these results are very limited and further studies are needed.
science museum;exhibition panel;visitors' attention;attracting power;holding power;group type;content type
- 국립과천과학관 (2011). 2010년도 연간 보고서. 미발행.
- 김경미. (2005). 정보디자인의 관점에서 본 박물관 전시매체의 유형분류에 관한 연구. 한국실내디자인학회, 14(6), 252-259.
- 김소희, 송진웅. (2003). 과학관 전시물의 특징과 학생들의 전시물에 대한 인식-서울시 소재 3개 과학관을 중심으로. 한국과학교육학회지, 23(5), 544-560.
- 김기상, 이선경, 김찬종. (2009). 자연사박물관에 서 일어나는 또래 아동간의 상호작용적 학습 양상. 한국지구과학지, 30(1), 127-140.
- 유지현. (2008). 전시패널의 주목도에 관한 연구: 국립중앙박물관 상설전시관을 중심으로. 이화여자대학교 디자인대학원 석사학위 논문.
- 이나영. (2009). 국립과천과학관 전시물 중 테슬라코일 관련 전시매체 개선방안, 제56차 과학교육학회 하계학술대회.
- 이보아. (2000). 박물관학 개론. 서울: 김영사. 179p.
- 이주영, 이정아, 김찬종. (2010). 자연사박물관에 서 관람객의 학습을 중재하는 도슨트의 담화특성에 대한 사례연구. 한국과학교육학회지, 30(6), 815-835.
- 정원영, 이주연, 박은지, 김찬종, 이선경. (2009). 자연사관 관람에서 중학생 소집단의 대화적 탐구에서 나타나는 상호작용 유형. 한국지구과학회지, 30(7), 909-920.
- Belcher, M. (1991). Exhibitions in museums. Leicester,: Washington, D.C.: Leicester University Press.
- Barnard, W. A., & Loomis, R. J. (1994). The museum exhibit as a visual learning medium. Visitor Behavior, 9(2), 14-17.
- Bitgood, S. (2000). The role of attention in designing effective interpretive labels. Journal of Interpretation Research, 5(2), 31-45.
- Brooke, H., & Solomon, J. (2001). Passive visitors or independent explorers: Responses of pupils with severe learning difficulties at an interactive science centre. International Journal of Science Education, 23(9), 941-953. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690010016094
- Borun, M., & Miller, M. (1980). What's in a name? A study of the effectiveness of explanatory labels in a science museum. Philadelphia: Franklin Institute Science Museum and Planetarium.
- Diamond, J. (1986). The Behavior of family groups in science museums. Curator, 29(2), 139-154. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.1986.tb01434.x
- Dierking, L. D., & Falk, J. H. (1994). Family behavior and learning in informal science settings: A review of the research. Science Education, 78(1), 57-72. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.3730780104
- Falk, J. H., Koran, J. J., Dierking, L. D., & Dreblow, L. (1985). Predicting visitor behavior. Curator, 28(4), 249-258.
- Falk, J. H., & Dierking, L. D. (1992). The museum experience. Washington, D.C.: Whalesback Books.
- Falk, J. H. (1997). Testing a museum exhibition design assumption: effect of explicit labeling of exhibit clusters on visitor concept development. Science Education, 81(6), 679-687. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-237X(199711)81:6<679::AID-SCE5>3.0.CO;2-F
- Griffin, J., & Symington, D. (1997). Moving from task-oriented to learning-oriented strategies on school excursions to museums. Science Education, 81(6), 763-779. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-237X(199711)81:6<763::AID-SCE11>3.0.CO;2-O
- Hohenstein, J., & Tran, L. U. (2007). Use of questions in exhibit labels to generate explanatory conversation among science museum visitors. International Journal of Science Education, 29(12), 1557-1580. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500690701494068
- Jeanneret, Y., Depoux, A., Luckerhoff, J., Vitalbo, V., & Jacobi, D. (2010). Written signage and reading practices of the public in a major fine arts museum. Museum Management and Curatorship, 25(1), 53-67. https://doi.org/10.1080/09647770903529400
- Kelley, J. B., & Dunbar, S. L. (1952). The tesla coil. American Journal of Physics, 20(1), 32-35. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1933098
- Korn, R., & Jones, J. (2000). Visitor behavior and experiences in the four permanent galleries at the tech museum of innovation. Curator, 43(3), 261-281. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.2000.tb01718.x
- McManus, P. M. (1987). It's the company you keep ...: The social determination of learning-related behaviour in a science museum. Museum Management and Curatorship, 6(3), 263-270.
- McManus, P. M. (1988). Good companions: More on the social determination of learning-related behaviour in a science museum. International Journal of Museum Management and Curatorship, 7(1), 37-44.
- McManus, P. M. (1989). Oh, yes, they do: how museum visitors read labels and interact with exhibit texts. Curator, 32(3), 174-189. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.1989.tb00718.x
- Miller, S. (1990). Labels. Curator, 33(2), 85-89. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.1990.tb00980.x
- Serrell, B. (1997). Time Is Indeed of the Essence. Curator, 40(4), 253-255. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.1997.tb01310.x
- Serrell, B. (2002). Are They Watching? Visitors and Videos in Exhibitions. Curator, 45(1), 50-64. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.2002.tb00049.x
- Skeldon, K. D., Grant, A. I., & Scott, S. A. (1997). A high potential tesla coil impulse generator for lecture demonstrations and science exhibitions. American Journal of Physics, 65(8), 744-754. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.18645
- Wolf, L. F., & Smith, J. K. (1993). What makes museum labels legible? Curator, 36(2), 95-110. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2151-6952.1993.tb00783.x
- 이선경, 신명경, 이규호, 최취임, 백두성, 정광훈, 유만선, 김선자, 손성근, 최현숙, 이강환, 이정구. (2011). 과학관의 전시 패널 글에 반영된 과학의 인신론적 측면 탐색. 한국지구과학회지, 32(1), 124-139.