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Fatty Acid Profiles and Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase Gene Expression in Longissimus dorsi Muscle of Growing Lambs Influenced by Addition of Tea Saponins and Soybean Oil

  • Mao, H.L. (Institute of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Wang, J.K. (Institute of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Lin, J. (Institute of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Zhejiang University) ;
  • Liu, J.X. (Institute of Dairy Science, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Zhejiang University)
  • Received : 2011.10.24
  • Accepted : 2012.01.09
  • Published : 2012.05.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary addition of tea saponins (TS) and soybean oil (SO) on fatty acid profile and gene expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) in longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle of growing lambs. Thirty-two Huzhou lambs were assigned to four dietary treatments in a $2{\times}2$ factorial arrangement with main effects of TS (0 or 3 g/d) and SO (0 or 30 g/kg of diet DM). The diet without additives was considered as NTNS (no TS or SO). After a feeding trial for 60 d, four lambs of each treatment were slaughtered to collect the samples of LD muscle. Percentage of trans-11 vaccenic acid was enhanced (p<0.05) in muscle of lambs fed TS and SO. The proportion of total conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) was increased (p<0.05) by SO, but decreased (p<0.05) by TS in LD muscle. The percentage of total saturated fatty acids in muscle was decreased (p<0.05) by addition of TS and SO, while addition of SO increased (p<0.05) the percentage of total polyunsaturated fatty acids. The ratio of cis-9, trans-11 CLA to tran-11 vaccenic acid was decreased (p<0.05) by TS, but increased (p<0.05) by SO. The same effects were observed in SCD mRNA expression. From these results it is indicated that including TS and SO in the diet of growing lambs affect the fatty acid profiles of LD muscle and that the proportion of cis-9, trans-11 CLA in the muscle influenced by TS and SO may be related to the SCD gene expression.

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