- Volume 25 Issue 6
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Effects of Plant Extracts on Microbial Population, Methane Emission and Ruminal Fermentation Characteristics in In vitro
- Kim, E.T. (Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 program), Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University) ;
- Kim, C.H. (School of Animal Life and Environment Science, Hankyong National University) ;
- Min, K.S. (Animal Biotechnology, GSBIT, Hankyong National University) ;
- Lee, S.S. (Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 program), Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University)
- Received : 2011.11.24
- Accepted : 2012.03.29
- Published : 2012.06.01
This study was conducted to evaluate effects of plant extracts on methanogenesis and rumen microbial diversity in in vitro. Plant extracts (Artemisia princeps var. Orientalis; Wormwood, Allium sativum for. Pekinense; Garlic, Allium cepa; Onion, Zingiber officinale; Ginger, Citrus unshiu; Mandarin orange, Lonicera japonica; Honeysuckle) were obtained from the Plant Extract Bank at Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology. The rumen fluid was collected before morning feeding from a fistulated Holstein cow fed timothy and commercial concentrate (TDN; 73.5%, crude protein; 19%, crude fat; 3%, crude fiber; 12%, crude ash; 10%, Ca; 0.8%, P; 1.2%) in the ratio of 3 to 2. The 30 ml of mixture, comprising McDougall buffer and rumen liquor in the ratio of 4 to 1, was dispensed anaerobically into serum bottles containing 0.3 g of timothy substrate and plant extracts (1% of total volume, respectively) filled with
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